Hairy root cultures of Anethum graveolens (dill): establishment, growth, time-course study of their essential oil and its comparison with parent plant oils
10.1023/A:1015653701265 Cite this article as: Santos, P.A., Figueiredo, A.C., Lourenço, P.M. et al. Biotechnology Letters (2002) 24: 1031. doi:10.1023/A:1015653701265 Abstract
Transformed root cultures of
Anethum graveolens were induced by inoculation of aseptically grown seedlings with Agrobacterium rhizogenes carrying plasmid pRi 1855. The main component of the essential oils from the fruits and from the roots of the parent plant was carvone, whereas α-phellandrene and apiole were dominant in the oil from, respectively, the aerial parts and the hairy roots. The essential oils from the fruits, aerial parts and roots of the parent plant were at 2%, 0.3% and 0.06% (v/w), respectively, but only 0.02% (v/w) in the hairy root cultures. Growth of the hairy root cultures reached 600 mg dry wt/50 ml medium after 50 days. The essential oil composition did not change significantly during their growth. Agrobacterium rhizogenes Anethum graveolens Apiaceae essential oil hairy root cultures References
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