International Review of Education

, Volume 48, Issue 1, pp 93-110

First online:

Changing Notions of Lifelong Education and Lifelong Learning

  • Albert TuijnmanAffiliated withInstitute of International Education, Stockholm University
  • , Ann-Kristin BoströmAffiliated withInstitute of International Education, Stockholm University

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Drawing on material from IRE as well as other sources, this article describes how the notion of lifelong education came into prominence in the educational world in the late 1960s, how it related to the concepts of formal, non-formal and informal education, and how it contrasted with the idea of recurrent eduction, as promoted by the OECD. The author goes on to discuss the emergence of the broader and more holistic concept of lifelong learning and the various ways in which it is understood. The article shows how IRE and its host institute have played an important part in the debate on these issues.