Asia Pacific Journal of Management

, Volume 14, Issue 1, pp 31–66

Managerial Values Across Cultures: Australia, Hong Kong and the United States


  • Robert I. Westwood
    • Department of ManagementChinese University of Hong Kong
  • Barry Z. Posner
    • Leavy School of Business and AdministrationSanta Clara University

DOI: 10.1023/A:1015481028914

Cite this article as:
Westwood, R.I. & Posner, B.Z. Asia Pacific Journal of Management (1997) 14: 31. doi:10.1023/A:1015481028914


The relationship between personal managerial values and a range of important organisational variables has increasingly been recognised. Personal values are shaped by the wider cultural milieu in which the individual is socialised. Managers from different cultural contexts may therefore be expected to possess different work and business-related values. However, exposure to a more universalistic managerial ethos may also generate a degree of similarity in managerial values across cultural contexts. In order to examine these issues, the values and expectations of managers in Hong Kong (N = 653), Australia (N = 505) and the United States (N = 1,060) were compared. Both differences and similarities were revealed, leading to speculations about the relative impact of culture versus roles on managerial values.

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© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997