Allen, D. M., Onorato, I. M., and Green, T. A. (1992). HIV infection in intravenous drug users entering drug treatment, United States, 1988 to 1989. The Field Services Branch of the Centers for Disease Control. American Journal of Public Health, 82, 541-546.
Anglin, M. D., Kalechstein, A., Maglione, M., Annon, J., and Fiorentine, R. (1997). Methamphetamine abuse and treatment in California:Aregional report. Los Angeles, CA: UCLA Research Center.
Annon, J., Longshore, D., Rawson, R., and Anglin, M. D. (2000). LAAM and methadone maintenance treatment; retention, drug use, and HIV risk behaviors. Presented at the 62nd Annual Scientific Meeting of the College on Problems of Drug Dependence, San Juan, Puerto Rico.
Battjes, R. J., Pickens, R. W., and Brown, L. S. (1995). HIV infection and AIDS risk behaviors among injecting drug users entering methadone treatment-An update. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes and Human Retrovirology, 10, 90-96.
Booth, R. E., Kwiatkowski, C. F., and Stephens, R. C. (1998). Effectiveness of HIV/AIDS interventions on drug use and needle risk behaviors for out-of-treatment injection drug users. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 30, 269-278.
Catania, J. A., Gibson, D. R., Chitwood, D. D., and Coates, T. J. (1990). Methodological problems in AIDS behavioral research: Influences on measurement error and participation bias in studies of sexual behavior. Psychological Bulletin, 108, 339-362.
Chawarski, M. C., Pakes, J., and Schottenfeld, R. S. (1998). Assessment of HIV risk. Journal of Addictive Diseases, 17, 49-59.
Chesney, M. A., Chambers, D. B., and Kahn, J. O. (1997). Risk behavior for HIV infection in participants in preventive HIV vaccine trials: A cautionary note. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes and Human Retrovirology, 16, 266-271.
Cunningham, J. K., and Thielemier, M. A. (1995). Trends and regional variations in amphetamine-related emergency admissions: California, 1984-1993. Irvine, CA: Public Statistics Institute.
Deren, S., Estrada, A., Stark, M., Williams, M., and Goldstein, M. (1997). A multisite study of sexual orientation and injection drug use as predictors of HIV serostatus in out-of-treatment male drug users. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes and Human Retrovirology, 15, 289-295.
DiFranceisco, W., McAuliffe, T. L., and Sikkema, K. J. (1998). Influences of survey instrument format and social desirability on the reliability of self-reported high risk sexual behavior. AIDS and Behavior, 2, 329-337.
Dillon, B., Hecht, F. M., Swanson, M., Goupil-Sormany, I., Grant, R. M., Chesney, M. A., and Kahn, J. O. (2000). Primary HIV infections associated with oral transmission. Presented at the 7th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections, San Francisco, California.
Frosch, D., Shoptaw, S., Huber, A., and Rawson, R. A. (1996). Sexual HIV risk among gay and bisexual male methamphetamine abusers. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 13, 483-486.
Greenfield, L., Bigelow, G. E., and Brooner, R. K. (1995). Validity of intravenous drug abusers' self-reported changes in HIV high risk drug use behaviors. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 39, 91-98.
HIV Epidemiology Program, Los Angeles County Department of Health Services (2000, 15 October). Advanced HIV Disease (AIDS) Surveillance Summary 1-26.
Holmberg, S.D. (1996). The estimated prevalence and incidence of HIV in 96 large U.S. metropolitan areas. American Journal of Public Health, 86, 642-654.
Hunter, G. M., Donoghoe, M. C., Stimson, G. V., and Rhodes, T. (1995). Changes in the injecting risk behaviour of injecting drug users in London, 1990-1993. AIDS, 9, 493-501.
Iguchi, M. Y., Platt, J. J., French, J., Baxter, R. C., Kushner, H., Lidz, V. M., Bux, D. A., Rosen, M., and Musikoff, H. (1992). Correlates of HIV seropositivity among injection drug users not in treatment. Journal of Drug Issues, 22, 849-866.
Iguchi, M. Y., Bux, D. A., Lidz, V., Kushner, H., French, T. F., and Platt, J. J. (1994). Interpreting HIV seroprevalence data from a street-based outreach program. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 7, 491-499.
Leigh, B. C., and Stall, R. (1993). Substance use and risky sexual behavior for exposure to HIV: Issues in methodology, interpretation, and prevention. American Psychologist, 48, 1035-1045.
Longshore, D., Anglin, M. D., Annon, K., and Hsieh, S. C. (1993). Trends in self-reported HIV risk behavior-Injection drug users in Los Angeles. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 6, 82-90.
Metzger, D. S., DePhilippis, D., Druley, P., O'Brien, C. P., McLellan, A., Williams, J., Navaline, H., Dyanick, S., and Woody, G. E. (1991). The impact of HIV testing on risk for AIDS behaviors. Presented at the 53rd Annual Scientific Meeting of the College on Problems of Drug Dependence, Palm Beach, Florida.
Metzger, D. S., Woody, G. E., McLellan, A. T., O'Brien, C. P., Druley, P., Navaline, H., DePhilippis, D., Stolley, P., and Abrutyn, E. (1993). Human immunodeficiency virus seroconversion among intravenous drug users in-and out-of treatment: An 18-month prospective follow-up. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes and Human Retrovirology, 6, 1049-1056.
Molitor, F., Truax, S. R., Ruiz, J. D., and Sun, R. K. (1998). Association of methamphetamine use during sex with risky sexual behaviors and HIV infection among non-injection drug users. Western Journal of Medicine, 168, 93-97.
Molitor, F., Ruiz, J. D., Flynn, N., Mikanda, J. N., Sun, R. K., and Anderson, R. (1999). Methamphetamine use and sexual and injection risk behaviorsamongout-of-treatment injection drug users. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 25, 475-493.
Moss, A. R., Vranizan, K., Gorter, R., Bacchetti, P., Watters, J., and Osmond, D. (1994). HIV seroconversion in intravenous drug users in San Francisco, 1985-1990. AIDS, 8, 223-231.
Navaline, H. A., Snider, E. C., Petro, C. J., Tobin, D., Metzger, D., Alterman, A. I., and Woody, G. E. (1994). Preparations for AIDS vaccine trials. An automated version of the Risk Assessment Battery (RAB): Enhancing the assessment of risk behaviors. AIDS Research on Human Retroviruses, 10, S281-S283.
Paul, J. P., Stall, R. D., Crosby, G. M., and Barrett, D. C. (1994). Correlates of sexual risk-taking among gay male substance abusers. Addiction, 89, 971-983.
Reback, C. J. (1997). The social construction of a gay drug: Methamphetamine use among gay and bisexual males in Los Angeles. Report for the City of Los Angeles, AIDS Coordinator.
Reback, C. J., and Grella, C. E. (1999). HIV risk behaviors of gay and bisexual male methamphetamine users contacted through Street Outreach. Journal of Drug Issues, 29, 155-166.
Shoptaw, S., Reback, C. J., Frosch, D. L., and Rawson, R. A. (1998). Stimulant abuse treatment as HIV prevention. Journal of Addictive Diseases, 17, 19-32.
Shoptaw, S., Reback, C. J., and Freese, T. E. (2002). Patient characteristics, HIV serostatus, and risk behaviors among gay and bisexual males seeking treatment for methamphetamine abuse and dependence in Los Angeles. Journal of Addictive Diseases, 21, 91-106.
Sorensen, J. L., and Copeland, A. L. (2000). treatment as an HIV prevention strategy: A review. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 59, 17-31.
Stall, R., and Leigh, B. (1994). Understanding the relationship between drug or alcohol use and high risk sexual activity for HIV transmission: Where do we go from here? Addiction, 89, 131-134.
Stall, R., and Purcell, D. W. (2000). Intertwining epidemics: A review of research on substance use among men who have sex with men and its connection to the AIDS epidemic. AIDS and Behavior, 4, 181-192.
Watters, J. K. (1994). Trends in risk behavior and HIV seroprevalence in heterosexual injection drug users in San Francisco, 1986-1992. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 7, 1276-1281.
Wells, E. A., Clark, L. L., Calsyn, D. A., and Saxon, A. J. (1994). Reporting of HIV risk behaviors by injection drug using heterosexual couples in methadone maintenance. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 36, 33-38.
Williams, M. L., Freeman, R. C., Bowen, A. M., and Saunders, L. (1998). The acceptability of a computer HIV/AIDS risk assessment to not-in-treatment drug users. AIDS Care-Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, 10, 701-711.