Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment

, Volume 24, Issue 2, pp 97–106

Attachment, Behavioral Inhibition, and Anxiety Disorders Symptoms in Normal Adolescents


DOI: 10.1023/A:1015388724539

Cite this article as:
Muris, P. & Meesters, C. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment (2002) 24: 97. doi:10.1023/A:1015388724539


The current study examined relationships between attachment style, behavioral inhibition, and anxiety disorders symptoms not only relying on youths' self-report but also including the parents' point of view. A large group of young adolescents aged 11–15 years and their parents (N = 280) completed measures of attachment style and behavioral inhibition and the Revised Children's Anxiety and Depression Scale, a questionnaire designed to measure symptoms of anxiety disorders in terms of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Highly similar results were found for child and parent report. That is, attachment style and behavioral inhibition were found to be interrelated with insecure attachment being associated with higher levels of behavioral inhibition. Furthermore, adolescents who were classified as insecurely attached and/or high on behavioral inhibition displayed higher levels of anxiety disorders symptoms. Finally, attachment status and behavioral inhibition both accounted for a unique proportion of the variance of anxiety disorders symptomatology.

attachmentbehavioral inhibitionanxietynormal adolescentsparent and child report

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Medical, Clinical, and Experimental PsychologyMaastricht UniversityThe Netherlands