Does Semen Have Antidepressant Properties?
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
In a sample of sexually active college females, condom use, as an indirect measure of the presence of semen in the reproductive tract, was related to scores on the Beck Depression Inventory. Not only were females who were having sex without condoms less depressed, but depressive symptoms and suicide attempts among females who used condoms were proportional to the consistency of condom use. For females who did not use condoms, depression scores went up as the amount of time since their last sexual encounter increased. These data are consistent with the possibility that semen may antagonize depressive symptoms and evidence which shows that the vagina absorbs a number of components of semen that can be detected in the bloodstream within a few hours of administration.
- Abdullah, Y. H., & Hamadah, K. (1975). Effect of ADP on PGE1 formation in the blood platelets from patients with depression, mania and schizophrenia. British Journal of Psychiatry, 127, 591–595.
- Beck, A. T. (1961). A systematic investigation of depression. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 2, 163–170.
- Benziger, D. P., & Edelson, J. (1983). Absorption from the vagina. Drug Metabolism Reviews, 14, 137–168.
- Coope, J. (1996). Hormonal and non-hormonal interventions for menopausal symptoms. Maturitas, 23, 159–168.
- Culbertson, F. M. (1997). Depression and gender: An international review. American Psychologist, 52, 25–31.
- Dilley, J. W., McFarland, W., Sullivan, P., & Discepola, M. (1998). Psychosocial correlates of unprotected anal sex in a cohort of gay men attending an HIV-negative support group. AIDS Education and Prevention, 10, 317–326.
- Eliasson, R., & Posse, N. (1965). Rubin's test before and after intravaginal application of prostaglandin. International Journal of Fertility, 10, 373.
- Keller, P. J., Riedmann, R., Fischer, M., & Gerber, C. (1981). Oestrogens, gonadotropins and prolactin after intra-vaginal administration of oestriol in post-menopausal women. Maturitas, 3, 47–53.
- McCusker, J., Goldstein, R. B., Bigelow, C., & Zorn, M. (1995). Psychiatric status and HIV risk reduction among residential drug abuse treatment clients. Addiction, 90, 1377–1387.
- Ney, P. G. (1986). The intravaginal absorption of male generated hormones and their possible effect on female behavior. Medical Hypotheses, 20, 221–231.
- Rigg, L. A., Milanes, B., Villanueva, B., & Yen, S. C. C. (1977). Efficacy of intravaginal and intranasal administration of micronized estradiol 17-beta. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 45, 1261–1264.
- Roy-Byrne, P. P., Rubinow, D. R., Gold, P. W., & Post, R. M. (1984). Possible antidepressant effects of oral contraceptives: Case report. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 45, 350–352.
- Sandberg, F., Ingelman-Sundberg, A., Ryden, G., & Joelsson, I. (1968). The absorption of tritium labeled prostaglandin E1 from the vagina of non-pregnant women. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 47, 22–26.
- Schiff, I., Tulchinsky, D., & Ryan, K. J. (1977). Vaginal absorption of estrone and 17-beta estradiol. Fertility and Sterility, 28, 1063–1066.
- Shanfield, S. B., & Swain, B. J. (1984). Death of adult children in traffic accidents. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 172, 533–538.
- Suarez, S. D., & Gallup, G. G., Jr. (1985). Depression as a response to reproductive failure. Journal of Social and Biological Structures, 8, 279–287.
- Thomas, V., & Striegel, P. (1994). Stress and grief of a perinatal loss: Integrating qualitative and quantitative methods. Omega: Journal of Death and Dying, 30, 299–311.
- Vance, J. C., Boyle, F. M., Najman, J. M., & Thearle, M. J. (1995). Gender differences in parental psychological distress following perinatal death or sudden infant death syndrome. British Journal of Psychiatry, 167, 806–811.
- Wester, R. C., Noonan, P. K., & Maibach, H. I. (1980). Variations in percutaneous absorption of testosterone in the rhesus monkey due to anatomic site of application and frequency of application. Archives of Dermatological Research, 267, 229–235.
- Winter, L. B., Steer, R. A., Jones-Hicks, L., & Beck, A. T. (1999). Screening for depressive disorders in adolescent medical outpatients with the Beck depression inventory for primary care. Journal of Adolescent Health, 24, 389–394. CrossRef
- Yamazaki, I. (1984). Serum concentration patterns of an LHRH agonist, gonadotrophins and sex steroids after subcutaneous, vaginal, rectal and nasal administration of the agonist to pregnant rats. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility, 72, 129–136.
- Zweifel, J. E., & O'Brien, W. H. (1997). A meta-analysis of the effect of hormone replacement therapy upon depressed mood. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 22, 189–212.
- Does Semen Have Antidepressant Properties?
Archives of Sexual Behavior
Volume 31, Issue 3 , pp 289-293
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- depressive symptoms
- vaginal absorption
- condom use
- sexual activity
- Industry Sectors