, Volume 72, Issue 2, pp 173-182

The Organochlorine Pesticide Residues and Antioxidant Enzyme Activities in Human Breast Tumors: Is There Any Association?

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Abstract

The levels of some organochlorine pesticides (OCP)s (hexachlorobenzene, HCB, α-hexachlorocyclohexane, α-HCH, β-HCH, γ-HCH, heptachlorepoxide, HE, bis (4-chlorophenyl)-1,1-dichloroethene, p.p′DDE, bis (4-chlorophenyl)-1,1,1-trichloroethane, p.p′ DDT and total DDT (Σ-DDT) and antioxidant enzyme activities namely Cu, Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase (Se-GSH-Px), total glutathione peroxidase (T-GSH-Px), selenium independent glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px II), glutathione reductase (GRd), level of reduced glutathione (GSH) and lipid peroxidation (LP), glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity toward several substrates including 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB), 1,2-dichloro-4-nitrobenzene (DCNB), ethacrynic acid (EAA), 1,2-epoxy-3-(p-nitrophenoxy)-propane (ENPP) were measured in tumor and surrounding tumor free tissues of 24 female breast cancer patients and was evaluated whether there exist any association between the levels of OCPs and antioxidants. The mean levels of GSH, α-BHC, γ-BHC and HE, and activities of SOD, Se-GSH-Px, T-GSH-Px, GSH-Px II,GRd, GST CDNB, and GST DCNB were significantly higher in tumors than in controls. In tumors, significant correlations were noted between: SOD and γ-BHC; Se-GSH-Px and γ-BHC; T-GSH-Px and γ-BHC; GSH-Px II and α-BHC, γ-BHC; GSH and α-BHC, γ-BHC, HE; GRd and α-BHC; CDNB GST and α-BHC, γ-BHC. These results show that free-radical mediated oxidative stress is, at least partly, associated with some of these OCP residues in human breast tumors.