Asendorpf, J. B. (1990). Beyond social withdrawal: Shyness, unsociability and peer avoidance. Human Development, 33, 250–259.
Belsky, J., Rha, J., & Park, S. (2000). Exploring reciprocal parent and child effects in the case of child inhibition in US and Korean samples. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 24, 338–347.
Björkqvist, K. (1994). Sex differences in physical, verbal, and indirect aggression: A review of recent research. Sex Roles, 30, 177–188.
Boivin, M., Hymel, S., & Bukowski, W. M. (1995). The roles of social withdrawal, peer rejection, and victimization by peers in predicting loneliness and depressed mood in children. Development and Psychopathology, 7, 765–786.
Boulton, M. J. (1999). Concurrent and longitudinal relations between children's playground behavior and social preference, victimization, and bullying. Child Development, 70, 944–954.
Boulton, M. J., Bucci, E., & Hawker, D. D. S. (1999). Swedish and English secondary school pupils' attitudes toward, and conceptions of, bullying: Concurrent links with bully/victim involvement. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 40, 277–284.
Boulton, M. J., & Hawker, D. (1997). Verbal bullying: The myth of “sticks and stones.” In D. Tattum & G. Herbert (Eds.), Bullying: Home, school, and community (pp. 53–63). London: Fulton.
Bukowski, W. M., & Sippola, L. K. (1998). Diversity and the social mind: Goals, constructs, culture, and development. Developmental Psychology, 34, 742–746.
Cha, J. (1994). Aspects of individualism and collectivism in Korea. In U. Kim, H. C. Triandis, & H. S. Hakho (Eds.), Individualism and collectivism: Theory, method, and applications (pp. 157–174). Thousand Oaks, CA, USA: Sage.
Chen, X. (2000). Growing up in a collectivistic culture: Socialization and socio-emotional development in Chinese children. In A. L. Comunian & U. P. Gielen (Eds.), Human developmental in cross-cultural perspective (pp. 331–353). Lengerich, Germany: Pabst Science Publishers.
Chen, X., & Rubin, K. H. (1992). Correlates of peer acceptance in a Chinese sample of six-year-olds. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 15, 259–273.
Chen, X., Rubin, K. H., & Sun, Y. (1992). Social reputation and peer relationships in Chinese and Canadian children: A cross-cultural study. Child Development, 63, 1336–1343.
Chong, S., & Michael, W. B. (2000). A construct validity study of scores on a Korean version of an academic self-concept scale for secondary school students. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 60, 117–130.
Coie, J. D., Dodge, K. A., & Coppotelli, H. (1982). Dimensions and types of social status: A cross-age perspective. Developmental Psychology, 18, 557–570.
Coie, J. D., Terry, R., Lenox, K., Lochman, J. E., & Hyman, C. (1995). Childhood peer rejection and aggression as predictors of stable patterns of adolescent disorder. Development and Psychopathology, 7, 697–713.
Coplan, R. J., Rubin, K. H., Fox, N. A., Calkins, S. D., & Stewart, S. L. (1994). Being alone, playing alone, and acting alone: Distinguishing among reticence and passive and active solitude in young children. Child Development, 65, 129–137.
Crick, N. R., & Grotpeter, J. K. (1995). Relational aggression, gender, and social-psychological adjustment. Child Development, 66, 710–722.
Crystal, D. S., Chen, C., Fuligni, A. J., Stevenson, H. W., Hsu, C. C., Ko, H. J., et al. (1994). Psychological maladjustment and academic achievement: A cross cultural study of Japanese, Chinese, and American high school students. Child Development, 65, 738–753.
Eron, L. D. (1987). The development of aggressive behavior from the perspective of a developing behaviorism. American Psychologist, 42, 435–442.
Farver, J. M., Kim, Y. K., & Lee-Shin, Y. (2000). Within cultural differences: Examining individual differences in Korean American and European American preschoolers' social pretend play. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 31, 583–602.
Farver, J. M., & Lee-Shin, Y. (1997). Social pretend play in Korean-and Anglo-American preschoolers. Child Development, 68, 536–544.
Farver, J. M., & Wimbarti, S. (1995). Indonesian children's play with their mothers and older siblings. Child Development, 66, 1493–1513.
Graham, S., & Juvonen, J. (1998a). Self-blame and peer victimization in middle school: An attributional analysis. Developmental Psychology, 34, 587–538.
Graham, S., & Juvonen, J. (1998b). A social cognitive perspective of peer aggression and victimization. Annals of Child Development, 13, 23–70.
Harrist, A. W., Zaia, A. F., Bates, J. E., Dodge, K. A., & Pettit, G. S. (1997). Subtypes of social withdrawal in early childhood: Sociometric status and social-cognitive differences across four years. Child Development, 68, 278–294.
Hart, C. H., Nelson, D. A., Robinson, C. C., Olsen, S. F., & McNeily-Choque, M. K. (1998). Overt and relational aggression in Russian Nursery-school-age children: Parenting style and marital linkages. Developmental Psychology, 34, 687–697.
Hart, C. H., Yang, C., Nelson, L. J., Robinson, C. C., Olsen, J. A., Nelson, D. A., et al. (2000). Peer acceptance in early childhood and subtypes of socially withdrawn behavior in China, Russia, and the United States. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 24, 73–81.
Hawker, D. S. J., & Boulton, M. J. (2000). Twenty years' research on peer victimization and psychosocial adjustment: A meta-analytic review of cross-sectional studies. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 41, 441–455.
Hodges, E. V. E., Boivin, M., Vitaro, F., & Bukowski, W. M. (1999). The power of friendship: Protection against an escalating cycle of peer victimization. Developmental Psychology, 35, 94–101.
Hodges, E. V. E., Malone, M. J., & Perry, D. G. (1997). Individual risk and social risks as interacting determinants of victimization in the peer group. Developmental Psychology, 33, 1032–1039.
Hodges, E. V. E., & Perry, D. G. (1999). Personal and interpersonal antecedents and consequences of victimization by peers. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 76, 677–685.
Juvonen, J., & Graham, S. (2001). School-based peer harassment: The plight of the vulnerable and victimized. Guilford: New York.
Juvonen, J., Nishina, A., & Graham, S. (2000). Peer harassment, psychological adjustment, and school functioning in early adolescence. Journal of Educational Psychology, 92, 349–359.
Kim, U., & Choi, S. (1994). Individualism, collectivism and child development, A Korean Perspective. In P. Greenfield & R. Cocking (Eds.), Cross-cultural roots of minority child development (pp. 227–257). Hillsdale, NJ: Earlbaum.
Kochenderfer, B. J., & Ladd, G. W. (1996). Peer victimization: Cause or consequence of school maladjustment? Child Development, 67, 1305–1317.
Lagerspetz, K. M., Björkqvist, K., & Peltonen, T. (1988). Is indirect aggression typical of females? Gender differences in 11–to 12–year old children. Aggressive Behavior, 14, 403–414.
Ledingham, J., Younger, A., Schwartzman, A., & Bergeron, G. (1982). Agreement among teacher, peer, and self-ratings of children's aggression, withdrawal and likability. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 10, 363–372.
Lee, M., & Larson, R. (2000). The Korean “examination hell”: Long hours of studying, distress, and depression. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 29, 249–271.
McCall, R. B., Beach, S. R., & Lau, S. (2000). The nature and correlates of underachievement among elementary schoolchildren in Hong Kong. Child Development, 71, 785–801.
McNeily-Choque, M. K., Hart, C. H., Robinson, C. C., Nelson, L. J., & Olsen, S. F. (1996). Overt and relational aggression on the play-group: Correspondence among different informants. Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 11, 47–67.
Morita, Y., Soeda, H., Soeda, K., & Taki, M. (1999). Japan. In P. K. Smith, Y. Morita, J. Junger-Tas, D. Olweus, R. Catalano, & P. Slee (Eds.), The nature of school bullying: A cross-national perspective (pp. 7–27). London: Routledge.
Olson, S. L. (1992). Development of conduct problems and peer rejection in preschool children: A social systems analysis. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 20, 327–350.
Olweus, D. (1978). Aggression in the schools: Bullies and their whipping boys. Washington, DC: Hemisphere.
Olweus, D. (1979). Stability of aggressive reaction pattern in males: A review. Psychological Bulletin, 86, 852–875.
Österman, K., Björkqvist, K., Lagerspetz, K. M. J., Kaukiainen, A., Landau, S. R, Fraczek, A., et al. (1998). Cross-cultural evidence of female indirect aggression. Aggressive Behavior, 24, 1–8.
Park, I. H., & Cho, L. (1995). Confucianism and the Korean family. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 26, 117–134.
Parker, J. G., & Asher, S. R. (1997). Peer relations and later personal adjustment: Are low accepted children at risk? Psychological Bulletin, 102, 357–389.
Perry, D. G., Kusel, S. J., & Perry, L. C. (1988). Victims of peer aggression. Developmental Psychology, 24, 807–814.
Perry, D. G., Perry, L. C., & Kennedy, E. (1992). Conflict and the development of antisocial behavior. In C. U. Shantz & W. W. Hartup (Eds.), Conflict in child and adolescent development (pp. 301–329). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Rittrios-Ellis, B., Bellamy, L., & Shoji, J. (2000). An examination of specific types of ijime within Japanese schools. School Psychology International, 21, 227–241.
Rubin, K. H. (1998). Social and emotional development from a cultural perspective. Developmental Psychology, 34, 611–615.
Rubin, K. H., & Mills, R. S. L. (1988). The many faces of social isolation in childhood. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 56, 916–924.
Salmivalli, C., Kaukiainen, A., & Lagerspetz, K. (2000). Aggression and sociometric status among peers: Do gender and type of aggression matter? Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 41, 17–24.
Schneider, B. H. (1998). Cross-cultural comparisons as doorkeeper in research on the social and emotional adjustment of children and adolescents. Developmental Psychology, 34, 793–797.
Schneider, B. H., Smith, A., Poisson, S. E., & Kwan, A. B. (1997). Cultural dimensions of children's peer relations. In S. Duck (Ed.), Handbook of personal relationships: Theory, research and interventions (pp. 121–126). New York: Wiley and Sons.
Schwartz, D. (1995, March). The behavioral correlates of peer victimization. Poster presented at the biennial meetings of the Society for Research in Child Development, Indianapolis, IN.
Schwartz, D. (2000). Subtypes of aggressors and victims in children's peer groups. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 28, 181–192.
Schwartz, D., Chang, L., & Farver, J. M. (2001). Correlates of victimization in Chinese children's peer groups. Developmental Psychology, 37, 520–532.
Schwartz, D., Dodge, K. A., & Coie, J. D. (1993). The emergence of chronic peer victimization in boys' play groups. Child Development, 64, 1755–1772.
Schwartz, D., Dodge, K. A., Coie, J. D., Hubbard, J. A., Cillessen, A. H. N., Lemerise, E. A., et al. (1998). Social-cognitive and behavioral correlates of aggression and victimization in boys' play groups. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 26, 431–440.
Schwartz, D., Dodge, K. A., Pettit, G. S., Bates, J. E., & The Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group. (2000). Friendship as a moderating factor in the pathway between early harsh home environment and later victimization in the peer group. Developmental Psychology, 36, 646–662.
Schwartz, D., & Hopmeyer Gorman, A. (2001). Community violence exposure and children's academic functioning. Manuscript submitted for publication.
Schwartz, D., McFadyen-Ketchum, S. A., Dodge, K. A., Pettit, G. S., & Bates, J. E. (1998). Peer group victimization as a predictor of children's behavior problems at home and in school. Development and Psychopathology, 10, 87–99.
Schwartz, D., McFadyen-Ketchum, S. A., Dodge, K. A., Pettit, G. S., & Bates, J. E. (1999). Early behavior problems as a predictor of later peer group victimization: Moderators and mediators in the pathways of social risk. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 27, 191–201.
Schwartz, D., & Proctor, L. J. (2000). Community violence exposure and children's social adjustment in the school peer group: The mediating roles of emotion regulation and social cognition. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68, 670–683.
Smith, P. K., & Brain, P. (2000). Bullying in the schools: Lessons from two decades of research. Aggressive Behavior, 26, 1–9.
Smith, P. K., Morita, Y, Junger-Tas, J., Olweus, D., Catalano, R., & Slee, P. (1999). The nature of school bullying: A cross-national perspective. London: Routledge.
Stevenson, H. W., Lee, S., Chen, C., Stigler, J. W., Hsu, C., & Kitamura, S. (1990). Contexts of Achievement. Monographs of the Society for Research in Children Development, 55, 1–2 (Serial No. 221).
Storm, R., Park, S. H., & Daniels, S. (1986). Adjustment of Korean immigrant families. Educational and Psychological Research, 6, 312–327.
Triandis, H. C. (1995). Individualism and collectivism. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Weisz, J. R., & McCarty, C. A. (1999). Can we trust parent reports in research on cultural and ethnic difference in child psychopathology? Using the bicultural family design to test parental culture effects. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 108, 598–605.
Weisz, J. R., McCarty, C. A., Eastman, K. L., Chaiyasit, W., & Suwanlert, S. (1997). Developmental psychopathology and culture: Ten lessons from Thailand. In S. S. Luthar, J. A. Burack, D. Cicchetti, & J. R. Weisz (Eds.), Developmental psychopathology: Perspectives on adjustment, risk, and disorder (pp. 568–592). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
Wentzel, K. R. (1991). Relations between social competence and academic achievement in early adolescence. Child Development, 62, 1066–1078.
Wentzel, K. R., & Asher, S. R. (1995). The academic lives of neglected, rejected, popular, and controversial children. Child Development, 66, 754–763.
Whiting, B. B., & Edwards, C. P. (1988). Children of different worlds. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.