Advances in Health Sciences Education

, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 63–80

Measuring Self-assessment: Current State of the Art


DOI: 10.1023/A:1014585522084

Cite this article as:
Ward, M., Gruppen, L. & Regehr, G. Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract (2002) 7: 63. doi:10.1023/A:1014585522084


The competent physician pursues lifelong learning through the recognition of deficiencies and the formulation of appropriate learning goals. Despite the accepted theoretical value of self-assessment, studies have consistently shown that the accuracy of self-assessment is poor. This paper examines the methodological issues that plague the measurement of self-assessment ability and presents several strategies that address these methodological problems within the current paradigm. In addition, the article proposes an alternative conceptualization of self-assessment and describes its associated methods. The conclusions of prior research in this domain must be re-examined in light of the common pitfalls encountered in the design of the studies and the analyses of the data. Future efforts to elucidate self-assessment phenomena need to consider the implications of this review.

educationeducational measurementmedicalself-assessmentself-evaluation programs

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SurgeryUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Department of Medical EducationUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  4. 4.Centre for Research in EducationUniversity Health NetworkTorontoCanada