Journal of Community Health

, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 121–132

Nutritional Risk Needs Assessment of Community-Living Seniors: Prevalence of Nutrition Problems and Priorities for Action

Article

DOI: 10.1023/A:1014561217190

Cite this article as:
Keller, H.H. & Hedley, M.R. Journal of Community Health (2002) 27: 121. doi:10.1023/A:1014561217190

Abstract

A random mailed survey was sent to 425 members of a seniors recreation center in Guelph, Ontario for the purpose of identifying the prevalence of nutritional risk, specific nutrition problems, and educational format preferences of these seniors. This needs assessment was used to plan an education initiative called “Action Nutrition.” SCREEN, a 15-item nutritional risk screening instrument, demographic data, participation in current recreation programs, and frequency of visits to the center were included in this survey. The response rate was 62%, average age was 72 years and 59% were female. Respondents attended on average one activity per month, 60% visited the center at least once per month and 79% read the monthly newsletter. 56.7% of respondents were considered to be at nutritional risk using SCREEN and common problems were: significant weight change in 6 months; low intake of fruits and vegetables and milk products; and restriction of the diet due to health reasons. This survey determined that nutrition problems and risk are prevalent among community-living seniors, justifying the development and implementation of educational initiatives in this setting.

nutrition seniors education 

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Family Relations and Applied NutritionUniversity of GuelphGuelphCanada

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