Trends and perspectives in flexible and reconfigurable manufacturing systems
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
To better understand future needs in manufacturing and their enabling technologies, a survey of experts in manufacturing has been conducted. The survey instrument (i.e., questionnaire) tries to assess the experience to date with the use of flexible manufacturing systems (FMS) and to examine the potential roles and enabling technologies for reconfigurable manufacturing systems (RMS). The results show that two-thirds of respondents stated that FMSs are not living up to their full potential, and well over half reported purchasing FMS with excess capacity (which was eventually used) and excess features (which in many cases were not eventually used). They identified a variety of problems associated with FMS, including training, reconfigurability, reliability and maintenance, software and communications, and initial cost. However, despite these issues, nearly 75% of respondent expressed their desire to purchase additional, or expand existing FMSs. The experts agreed that RMS (which can provide exactly the capacity and functionality needed, exactly when needed) is a desirable next step in the evolution of production systems. The key enabling technologies for RMS were identified as modular machines, open-architecture controls, high-speed machining, and methods, training and education for the operation of manufacturing systems.
- Ashley, S. (1997) Manufacturing firms face the future. Mechanical Engineering, 119(6), 70-74.
- Ashley, S. (1997) Rapid-response design. Mechanical Engineering, 119(12), 72-74.
- Attaran, M. (1995) Role in CIM success. Industrial Engineering, 27, 28-32.
- Ayres, R. U., Haywood, W. and Tchijov I. (1992) The diffusion of FMS. CIM, Vol. II, Chapman and Hall, New York, NY, pp. 197-248.
- Bjorkman, T. (1996) The rationalization movement in perspective and some ergonomic implications. Applied Ergonomic, 27(2), 111-117.
- Bollinger, J. and Rusnak, R. (1998) A vision for manufacturing in 2020. NSF Design and Manufacturing Grantees Conference, Monterey, Mexico, January 1998.
- Brown, J., Harhen, J. and Shivnan, J. (1988) Production Management Systems: A CIM Perspective, Addison-Wesley, Workingham.
- Buzacott, J. A. (1995) A perspective on new paradigm in manufacturing. Journal of Manufacturing Systems, 4(2), 118-125.
- Finegold, D., Brendley, K., Lempert, R., Henry, D., Cannon, P., Boulinghouse, B. and Nelso, M. (1994) The decline of the US machine-tool industry and prospects for its sustainable recovery, Rand Institute, Santa Monica, CA.
- FMS. Too much, too soon. Manufacturing Engineering, March 1987, 34-38.
- FMS. Manufacturing Engineering, July 1993, 104-109.
- Goldman, S. L., Nagel, R. N. and Preiss, K. (1995) Agile Competitors and Virtual Organizations: Strategies for Enriching the Customer, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York.
- Graham, G. A. (1988) Automation Encyclopedia, SME.
- Heytler, P. and A. G. Ulsoy, (1998) A Survey of Flexible and Reconfigurable Manufacturing Systems (RMSs), Internal Report, Engineering Research Center for Reconfigurable Machining Systems (ERC/RMS), The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.
- Ito, Y. (1988) The production environment of an SME in the year 2000, in Flexible Manufacturing for Small and Medium Enterprises, K. McGuigan (ed.), IFS/Springer, 1988, pp. 207-234.
- Jaikumar, R. (1986) Post industrial manufacturing. Harvard Business Review.
- Koren, Y. and Ulsoy, A.G. (1997) Reconfigurable Manufacturing Systems, Engineering Research Center for Reconfigurable Machining Systems (ERC/RMS) Report # 1, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.
- Koren, Y., Heisel, U., Jovane, F., Moriwoki, T., Pritschow, G., Ulosy, A.G. and Van Bruseel, H. (1999) Reconfigurable manufacturing systems. Annals of the CIRP, 2, 1-13.
- Kusiak, A. and He, D. W. (1997) Design for agile assembly: an operational perspective. International Journal of Production Reserarch, 35(1), 157-178.
- Lee, G. H. (1997) Reconfigurability consideration design of components and manufacturing systems. International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 13(5), 376-386.
- Lee, J. (1997) Overview and perspectives on Japanese manufacturing strategies and production practices in machinery industry. ASME Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, 119, 726-731.
- Mansfield, E. (1993) New evidence on the economic effects and diffusion of FMS. IEEE Transactions On Engineering Management, 40(1), 76-79.
- Mehrabi, M. G., Ulsoy, A. G. and Koren, Y. (2000) Reconfigurable manufacturing systems and their enabling technologies. International Journal of Manufacturing Technology and Management, 1(1), 113-130.
- Mehrabi, M. G. and Ulsoy, A. G. (1997) State-of-the-Art in Reconfigurable Manufacturing Systems, Report # 2, Vol. I, Engineering Research Center for Reconfigurable Machining Systems (ERC/RMS), The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.
- National Research Council (NRC), (1998) Visionary Manufacturing Challenges for 2020, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. Also available in http://www.nap.edu/readingroom/books/visionary/.
- Next-Generation Manufacturing (NGM) Project, (1997) Next-Generation Manufacturing: A Framework for Action, Agility Forum, Leaders for Manufacturing, and Technologies Enabling Agile Manufacturing, Bethlehem, PA.
- Noaker, P. M. (1994) The search for agile manufacturing. Manufacturing Engineering, 13, 40-34.
- Rogers, G. G. and Bottaci, L. (1997) Modular production systems: a new manufacturing paradigm. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 8, 147-156.
- Sanchez, A. M. (1996) Adopting advanced manufacturing technologies: experience from Spain. Journal of Manufacturing Systems, 15(2), 133-140.
- Sheridan, J. H. (1993) Agile manufacturing: step beyond lean manufacturing. Industry Week, 30-46.
- The Association for Manufacturing Technology (AMT) Report. (1996) A Technology Roadmap for the Machine Tool Industry, McLean, Virginia.
- Trends and perspectives in flexible and reconfigurable manufacturing systems
Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing
Volume 13, Issue 2 , pp 135-146
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- Flexible manufacturing systems (FMS)
- reconfigurable machining systems (RMS)
- CNC machine tools
- modular machines
- and open architecture systems
- Industry Sectors