The Effect of Male Competition on the Courtship Song of Drosophila melanogaster
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
The courtship song of Drosophila has been extensively used as a model system for studies of sexual selection and species recognition. Traditionally, the courtship song has been recorded from males placed individually with a female. However, under natural conditions females are exposed to multiple courting males, and the effect of their joint signal on mate recognition by the female is not yet understood. Here, we recorded the courtship behavior of D. melanogaster males singing either individually to a female lpar;1:1) or in the presence of an additional male lpar;2:1). We compared the structure of the male song in the two experimental designs. Our results show that when two males courted a female their songs could overlap each other. Males produced a significantly different signal in the presence of competition; the duration of each song component was significantly shorter and the rate of singing was markedly lower. The present study demonstrates that male competition can dramatically alter the acoustic signal detected by the female.
- Alt, S., Ringo, J., Talyn, B., Bray, W., and Dowse, H. (1998). The period gene controls courtship song cycles in Drosophila melanogaster. Anim. Behav. 56: 87–97.
- Bennet-Clark, H. C. (1971). Acoustics of insect song. Nature 234: 255–259.
- Bennet-Clark, H. C., and Ewing, A. W. (1969). Pulse interval as a critical parameter in the courtship song of Drosophila melanogaster. Anim. Behav. 17: 755–759.
- Cowling, D. E., and Burnet, B. (1981). Courtship songs and genetic control of their acoustic characteristics in sibling species of the Drosophila melanogaster subgroup. Anim. Behav. 29: 924–935.
- Crossley, S., and Wallace, B. (1987). The effects of crowding on courtship and mating success in rosophila melanogaster. Behav. Genet. 17: 513–522.
- Ewing, A. W., and Bennet-Clark, H. C. (1968). The courtship songs of Drosophila. Behaviour 1: 288–301.
- Ewing, L. S., and Ewing, A. W. (1984). Courtship in Drosophila melanogaster: Behaviour of ixed-sex groups in large observation chambers. Behaviour 90: 184–202.
- Greenfield, M.D. (1994). Cooperation and conflict in the evolution of signal interactions. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 25: 97–126.
- Gromko, M. H., and Markow, T. A. (1993). Courtship and remating in field populations of Dosophila. Anim. Behav. 45: 253–262.
- Haccou, P., and Meelis, E. (1992). Statistical Analysis of Behavioural Data: An Approach Basedon Time-Structured Models, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
- Hall, J. C. (1994). The mating of a fly. Science 264: 1702–1714.
- Hall, J. C., and Kyriacou, C. P. (1990). Genetics of biological rhythms in Drosophila. Adv. Insect hysiol. 22: 221–298.
- Kyriacou, C. P., and Hall, J. C. (1980). Circadian rhythm mutations in Drosophila melanogasteraffect short-term fluctuations in the male's courtship song. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 77:6729–6733.
- Kyriacou, C. P., and Hall, J. C. (1982). The function of courtship song rhythms in Drosophila.Anim. Behav. 30: 794–801.
- Kyriacou, C. P., Greenacre, M. L., Ritchie, M.G., Peixoto, A. A., Shiels, G., and Hall, J. C. (1992). Genetic and molecular analysis of ultradian rhythms in Drosophila. In Lloyd, D., and Rossi, E. L. (eds.), Ultradian Rhythms in Life Processes: An Inquiry into Fundamental Principles Of Chronobiology and Psychobiology, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 89–104.
- Paillette, M., Ikeda, H., and Jallon, J.-M. (1991). Anewacoustic signal of the fruit-flies Drosophila simulans and D. melanogaster. Bioacoustics 3: 247–254.
- Pollack, G. S. (1988). Selective attention in an insect auditory neuron. J. Neurosci. 8: 2635–2639.
- Ritchie, M. G., Halsey, E. J., and Gleason, J. M. (1999). Drosophila song as a species-specific mating signal and the behavioural importance of Kyriacou & Hall cycles in D. melanogaster. Anim. Behav. 58: 649–657.
- Roche, J. P., Pregger Talyn, B. C., and Dowse, H. B. (1998). Courtship bout duration in per circadian period mutants in Drosophila melanogaster. Behav. Genet. 28: 391–394.
- Römer, H., and Krusch, M. (2000). A gain-control mechanism for processing of chorus sounds in the afferent auditory pathway of the bushcricket Tettigonia viridissima (Orthoptera; Tettigoniidae). J. Comp. Physiol. A 186: 181–191.
- Römer, H., Bailey, W., and Dadour, I. (1989). Insect hearing in the field. III. Masking by noise. J. Comp. Physiol. A 164: 609–620.
- Ryan, M. J., and Rand, A. S. (1993). Species recognition and sexual selection as a unitary problem in animal communication. Evolution 47: 647–657.
- Schwartz, J. J. (1994). Male advertisement and female choice in frogs: recent findings and new approaches to the study of communication in a dynamic acoustic environment. Am. Zool. 34: 616–624.
- Spieth, H. T. (1974). Courtship behavior in Drosophila. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 19: 385–405.
- Tauber, E., and Eberl, D. F. (2001). Song production in auditory mutants of Drosophila: The role of sensory feedback. J. Comp. Physiol. A 187: 341–348.
- Tomaru, M., Doi, M., Higuchi, H., and Oguma, Y. (2000). Courtship song recognition in the Drosophila melanogaster complex: Heterospecific songs make females receptive in D. melanogaster, but not in D. sechellia. Evolution 54: 1286–1294.
- Tomaru, M., and Oguma, Y. (2000). Mate choice in Drosophila melanogaster and D. sechellia: Criteria and their variation depending on courtship song. Anim. Behav. 60: 797–804.
- Tompkins, L., and Hall, J. C. (1983). Identification of brain sites controlling female receptivity in mosaics of Drosophila melanogaster. Genetics 103: 179–195.
- von Schilcher, F. (1976a). The function of pulse song and sine song in the courtship of Drosophila melanogaster. Anim. Behav. 24: 622–625.
- von Schilcher, F. (1976b). The role of auditory stimuli in the courtship of Drosophila melanogaster. Anim. Behav. 24: 18–26.
- Wheeler, D. A., Fields, W. L., and Hall, J. C. (1988). Spectral analysis of Drosophila courtship songs: D. melanogaster, D. simulans, and their interspecific hybrid. Behav. Genet. 18: 675–703.
- The Effect of Male Competition on the Courtship Song of Drosophila melanogaster
Journal of Insect Behavior
Volume 15, Issue 1 , pp 109-120
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- male competition
- courtship song
- Drosophila melanogaster
- Markov processes