Computational Economics

, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 65–87

Leaving the Prison: Permitting Partner Choice and Refusal in Prisoner's Dilemma Games

  • Esther Hauk

DOI: 10.1023/A:1013866527989

Cite this article as:
Hauk, E. Computational Economics (2001) 18: 65. doi:10.1023/A:1013866527989


We propose a simple rule of thumb on how to choose one's game partner thatallows economic agents who care about the future to learn to cooperate inthe iterated prisoner's dilemma. This rule of thumb uses partner selectionstrategically to reward cooperative behavior and teach defectors a lesson.This reward and punishment scheme leads to higher payoffs of non-exploitivestrategies and slowly converts defectors, who are attracted by the higherpayoffs, into non-exploitive types. Simulations show that the convergence tostable cooperative behavior is rather fast.

prisoner's dilemma partner selection learning matching 

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Esther Hauk
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Economics and BusinessUniversitat Pompeu FabraBarcelonaSpain

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