, Volume 38, Issue 1, pp 80-86

Polymorphism of STR Loci of the Y Chromosome in Three Populations of Eastern Slavs from Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine

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Allelic polymorphism of five microsatellite loci of the human Y chromosome (DYS19, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, and DYS393) was analyzed in samples of male populations from Ukraine, Russia, and Belarus (152 subjects in total). The allelic diversity indices (D g) were determined for all loci; they varied from 0.23 to 0.72. The mean values of this parameter in the Ukrainian, Russian, and Belarussian populations were 0.45, 0.47, and 0.52, respectively. A total of 53 different haplotypes were found in 152 subjects from three populations. The most frequent haplotype was found in 14.5% of the subjects, whereas 35 haplotypes (23%) were each found in only one person. The haplotypic diversity index (D hp) was 0.94. The genetic distances between the populations studied and some populations of Western and Central Europe were estimated. These data were used to construct a phylogram (tree) of genetic similarity between the populations, which demonstrated that the three Eastern Slavic populations are genetically close to one another and remote from Western European populations.