Barnes J D, Balaguer L, Manrique E, Elvira S and Davison A W 1992 A reappraisal of the use of DMSO for the extraction and determination of chlorophylls a and b in lichens and higher plants. Environ. Exp. Bot. 32,85–100.
Bennet R J and Breen C M 1991 The aluminum signal: new dimensions to mechanism of Al tolerance.Plant Soil134,153–166.
Cronan C S and Grigal D F 1995 Use of calcium/aluminum ratios as indicators of stress in forest ecosystems.J. Environ. Qual. 24, 209–226.
Foy C D, Chaney R L and White M C 1978 The physiology of metal toxicity in plants.Plant Physiol.29,511–566.
Godbold D L, Fritz E and Huttermann A 1988 Aluminum toxity and forest decline.Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA. 85,511–566.
Hirano Y and Hijii N 1998 Effects of low pH and aluminum on root morphology of Japanese red cedar saplings.Environ. Pollut. 101, 339–347.
Hirano Y, Matsumoto C and Takenaka C 2000 Root response of Hinoki Cypress seedlings to Various levels of Ca/Al molar ratios. Environ. Sci. 7,71–82.
Hoagland D R and Arnon D I 1950 The water culture method for growing plants without soil.Calif Agric Exp Stn Circ,347, Univ of California Berkeley, CA. 39 p.
Jentschke G, Schlegel H and Godbold D L 1991 The effect of aluminum on uptake and distribution of magnesium and calcium in roots of mycorrhizal Norway spruce seedlings.Physiol. Planta. 82,266–270.
Kelly J M, Schaedle M, Thornton F C and Joslin J D 1990 Sensitivity of tree seedlings to aluminum: Red oak, sugar maple and European beech.J. Environ. Qual. 19,172–179.
Khono Y, Matsumura H and Kobayashi T 1995 Effect of aluminum on the growth and nutrient uptake in Cryptomeria japonica D. Don and Camaecyparis obutusa Sieb. Et Zucc (in Japanese). J. Jpn. Soc. Atomos Environ. (in Japanese). 30,316–326.
Kinraide T B 1998 Three mechanisms for the calcium alleviation of mineral toxicities.Plant Physiol. 118,513–520.
Lee C H, Izuta T, Aoki M, Totsuka T and Kato H 1988 Growth and photosynthetic response of Red Pine seedlings grown in brown forest soil acidified by adding H2SO4 solution.Jpn. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr.69,53–61 (in Japanese, with English abstract).
Lidon F C, Barreiro M G, Ramalho J C and Lauriano J A 1999 Effects of Aluminum toxicity on nutrient accumulation in Maize shoots: Implications on photosynthesis.J. Plant Nut.22, 397–416.
Matsumoto H 1988 Inhibition of proton transport activity of microsomal membrane vesicles of barley roots by aluminum.Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. 34,499–506.
Matsumoto H and Yamaya Y 1986 Inhibition of potassium uptake and regulation of membrane-associated Mg2+-ATPase activity in pea roots by aluminum.Soil Sci Plant Nutr.32,179–188.
McQuattie C J and Schier G A 1990 Response of red spruce seedlings to aluminum toxicity in nutrient solution: Alteration in root anatomy.Can. J. For. Res.20,1001–1011.
Miyake H, Kamei N, Izuta I and Totsuka T 1991 Effects of Aluminum on the grouth of hydroponically grown seedlings of Cryptomeria japonica D. Don.Man & Environ.17,10–16 (in Japanese, with English abstract).
Ogawa T, Matsumoto C, Takenaka C and Tezuka T 2000 Effect of Ca on Al-induced activation of antioxidant enzymes in the needles of Hinoki Cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa).J. For. Res. 5, 81–85.
Ohtagaki T, Miwa M, Izuta T and Totsuka T 1996 Photosynthetic response of Japanese Cedar seedlings grown in brown forest soil acidified by adding H2SO4 solution.J. Jpn. Soc. Atmos Environ. 31, 11–19 (in Japanese, with English abstract).
Oleksyn J, Karolewski P, Giertych M J, Werner A, Tjoelker M G and Reich P B 1996 Altered root growth and plant chemistry of Pinus sylvestris seedlings subjected to aluminum in nutrient solution.Trees 10,135–144.
Rengel Z 1992 Role of calcium in aluminum toxicity. New Phytol. 121,499–513.
Rengel Z and Elliott D C 1992 Mechanism of aluminum inhibition of net45Ca2+ uptake by Amaranthus protoplasts. Plant Physiol. 98,2–638.
Ridofil M and Garrec J P 2000 Consequences of an excess Al and a deficiency in Ca and Mg for stomatal functioning and net carbon assimilation of beech leaves.Ann. For. Sci. 57,209–218.
Ryan P R, Kinraide T B and Kochian L 1994 Al3+-Ca2+ interactions in aluminum rhizotoxicity. I. Inhibition of root growth is not caused by reduction of calcium uptake.Planta192,98–103.
Schier G A and McQuattie C J 1995 Effect of aluminum on the growth, anatomy and nutrient content of ectomycorrhizal and nonmycorrhizal eastern white pine seedlings.Can. J. For. Res. 25, 1252–1262.
Schlegel H and Godbold D L 1991 The influence of Al on the metabolism of spruce needles.Wat. Air Pollut. 57/58, 131–138.
Tanaka A, Tadano T and Yamada M 1973 Difference in adaptability to basic cation among plant species: I (translated by author).Jpn. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr.44,334–339 (in Japanese).
Taylor G J 1988 The physiology of aluminum phytotoxicity. In Metal Ions in Biological Systems,24, Aluminum and its Role in Biology. Eds. Sigel H and Sigel A. pp 123–163.Marcel Dekker, New York.
Ulrich B 1983 Soil acidity and its relations to acidic deposition. In Effects of Accumulation of Air Pollutants in Forest Ecosystem. Eds. Ulrich B and Pankrath J. pp 127–146.D Reidel, Boston.
Van Oene H 1998 A mechanistic model for the inhibiting effects of aluminium on the uptake of cations.Z. Pflanzenernoehr Bodenk. 161,661–670. Section editor: P. Ryan