International strategy for Nanotechnology Research
- M.C. Roco
- … show all 1 hide
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
The worldwide nanotechnology research and development (R&D) investment reported by government organizations has increased by a factor of 3.5 between 1997 and 2001, and the highest rate of 90% is in 2001. At least 30 countries have initiated or are beginning national activities in this field. Scientists have opened a broad net of discoveries that does not leave any major research area untouched in physical, biological, and engineering sciences. Industry has gained confidence that nanotechnology will bring competitive advantages. The worldwide annual industrial production is estimated to exceed $1 trillion in 10–15 years from now, which would require about 2 million nanotechnology workers. U.S. has initiated a multidisciplinary strategy for development of science and engineering fundamentals through the National Nanotechnology Initiative. Japan and Europe have broad programs, and their current plans look ahead to four to five years. Other countries have encouraged their own areas of strength, several of them focusing on fields of the potential markets. Differences among countries are observed in the research domain they are aiming for, the level of program integration into various industrial sectors, and in the time scale of their R & D targets. Nanotechnology is growing in an environment where international interactions accelerate in science, education and industrial R & D. A global strategy of mutual interest is envisioned by connecting individual programs of contributing countries, professional communities, and international organizations.
- Bachmann G., 1996, “Nanotechnology” (in German). Society of German Engineers (VDI) Technology Center, Dusseldorf, Germany.
- E. C. (European Commission), 1997, “Fifth Framework Programme (1998–2002),” Proposal. EUR 17651, EC, Belgium.
- Fissan H. & J. Schoonman, 1997, “Vapor-Phase Synthesis and Processing of Nanoparticle Materials (NANO). ” Mid-term report, ESF, Strasbourg, France.
- Heaton, M., 2001, Digital Instruments and Veeco Metrology Group, Personal Communication.
- Malsh I., 1997, “The Importance of Interdisciplinary Approaches: The Case of Nanotechnology. ” IPTS Report, No. 13, Seville, Spain.
- NSTC (U.S. National Science and Technology Council), 2000 “National Nanotechnology Initiative: The Initiative and Its Implementation Plan”, Washington, D.C., 142 pp.
- Roberts E., 2001 MIT, Sloan School of Management, Personal communication.
- Roco, M.C., 1997 “Perspective on Nanoparticle Manufacturing Research”, Proc. NATO ASI on Nanostructured Materials, Kluwer Academic Publ., Netherlands, pp. 71–92.
- Roco, M.C., R.S. Williams & P. Alivisatos, eds., 1999, “Nanotechnology Research Direction”, NSTC, Washington, D.C. (also Kluwer Academic Publ., Boston, 2000, 316 pp.).
- Roco. M.C. & W. Bainbridge, eds., 2001, “Societal Implications of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology”, NSF Report, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, 370 pp.
- Roco, M.C. Statement on National Nanotechnology Initiative at the U.S. Senate Briefing, May 24, 2001 (Briefing sponsored by the American Association for Advancement of Science and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers).
- National Science Foundation, 1991 “Synthesis and Processing of Nanoparticles”, Call for proposals, Washington, D.C.
- Siegel, R.W., E. Hu & M.C. Roco, eds., 1999, “Nanostructure Science and Technology”, NSTC, Washington, D.C. (also Kluwer Academic Publ., Boston, 1999, 336 pp.).
- UNIDO (United Nations Industrial Development Organization), 1997 “Special Issue on Nanotechnology. ” In New and Advanced Materials, Emerging Technologies Series, Vienna, Austria.
- Uyeda, R., 1991 “Studies of Ultrafine Particles in Japan. ” Progress in Materials Science, Pergamon Press, 35, pp.1–73.
- WTEC 1997a “Review of U.S. R & D Status and Trends in Nanoparticles, Nanostructured Materials, and Nanodevices. ” Siegel R., Hu, E., Roco, M. and Holdridge, G. eds. Loyola University, Baltimore, Maryland.
- WTEC, 1997b “Research and Technology Issues in Nanoparticles, Nanostructured Materials, and Nanodevices.” First Report. Siegel, R., Hu, E., Roco, M. and Holdridge, G. eds. Loyola University, Baltimore, Maryland.
- WTEC 1997c “Russian Research and Development Activities on Nanoparticles and Nanostructured Materials”, Proc. NSFWTEC Workshop in St. Petersburg, Russia.
- Yamaguchi, Y. & H. Komiyama, 2001 “Structuring knowledge project in nanotechnology materials program launched in Japan”, J. of Nanoparticle Research, Vol. 3, No. 2–3, pp. 1–5. é
- International strategy for Nanotechnology Research
Journal of Nanoparticle Research
Volume 3, Issue 5-6 , pp 353-360
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- R & D programs
- research funding
- international collaboration
- Industry Sectors
- M.C. Roco (1) (2)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. National Science Foundation, USA
- 2. U.S. National Science and Technology Council's subcommittee on Nanoscale Science, Engineering and Technology (NSET), USA