Early Development of the Mandarinfish, Synchiropus splendidus (Callionymidae), with notes on its Fishery and Potential for Culture
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
The mandarinfish, Synchiropus splendidus, is a small, pelagic-spawning enthic dragonet of the western Pacific. Although popular in the marine aquarium trade, little is known of its fishery or biology. All aquarium-trade animals are currently taken from the wild and the impact of heavy collecting is unknown. The specialized and selective nature of the fishery for mandarinfish is described and its potential to disrupt the mating system identified. As a possible alternative to wild capture and as an aid to sustainable exploitation, egg production and early development relevant to mariculture are described, including egg output, embryo, larva and post-settlement development to 30 days, based on live material. Egg output was determined for 40 females and ranged from 12 to 205 eggs. Embryo and larva development were rapid, with settlement occurring within 14 days at 24–26 °C, and at 3.5 mm TL. The swimbladder is retained in adults. Our limited attempts at raising the mandarinfish to settlement were encouraging and suggest an excellent potential for mariculture with implications for both conservation and improved maintenance of fish in captivity. At present, given that this species is difficult to maintain in captivity, it is only suitable for experienced aquarists. Preliminary diet information is provided.
- AMDA (American Zoo and Aquarium Association). (2000) The AZA membership directory. AZA, Silver Spring, Maryland, USA.
- Debelius, H. and Baensch, H.A. (1994) Marine Atlas. Mergus, USA.
- Eda, H. Takita, T. and Uno, Y. (1994a) Larval and juvenile development of two dragonets, Repomucenus richardsonii and R. valenciennei, reared in a laboratory. Japanese Journal of Ichthyology 41(2), 149–158.
- Eda, H., Fujiwara, Y. and Takita, T. (1994b) Embryonic, larval and juvenile development in laboratory-reared dragonets, Repomucenus beniteguri. Japanese Journal of Ichthyology 40(4), 465–473.
- Eda, H., Fujiwara, T., Kuno, Y. and Takita, T. (1997) Larval and juvenile development of the dragonet, Paradiplogrammus enneactis, reared in a laboratory. Ichthyological Research 44(1), 77–81.
- Gonzales, B.J., Okamura, O. and Taniguchi, N. (1996) Spawning behavior of laboratory-reared dragonet, Repomucenus huguenini, and development of its eggs and prolarvae. Suisanzoshoku 44, 7–15.
- Gosline, W.A. (1970) A reinterpretation of the teleostean fish order Gobiesociformes. Proceedings of the California Academy of Science Series 4 37(19), 363–382.
- Harrington, M.E. (1996) Sexual selection in the spotted dragonet, Diplogrammus pauciradiatus (Pisces: Callionymidae). Ph.D. thesis, University of Miami. p. 152
- Holt, E.W.L. (1898) On the breeding of dragonet (Callionymus lyra) at the Marine Biological Association's Aquarium at Plymouth; with a preliminary account of the elements, and some remarks on the significance of the sexual dimorphism. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London Part 2, 281–315.
- Houde, E.D. (1984) Callionymidae: development and relationships. In Ontogeny and Systematics of Fishes (H.G. Moser, W.J. Richards, D.M. Cohen, M.P. Fahay, A.W. Kendall, Jr and S.L. Richardson, eds). American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists Special Publication No. 1, pp. 637–640.
- Kashiwagi, M., Yogo, S., Nasu, T. and Matsuyama, M. (1993) Variation of susceptibility to thermal shock in developing eggs of dragonet, Repomucenus beniteguri. Suisanzoshoku 41(3), 353–358.
- Leis, J.M. and Rennis, D.S. (1983) The Larvae of Indo-Pacific Coral Reef Fishes. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 269 pp.
- Mabee, P.M., Cua, D.S., Barlow, S.B. and Helvik, J.V. (1998) Morphology of the hatching glands in Betta splendens (Teleostei: Perciformes). Copeia 1998(4), 1021–1026. CrossRef
- Mai, W. (2000). Nachzucht des Mandarinfisches. Jahrgang 53, 8–9.
- Michael, S.W. (2000) Fishes for the marine aquarium: the dragonets. Aquarium Fish Magazine September 2000, 23–32.
- Miller, J.M., Watson, W. and Leis, J.M. (1979) An Atlas of Nearshore Marine Fish Larvae of the Hawaiian Islands. Sea Grant Misc. Rep. UNIHI-SEAGRANT-MR–80–02. Univ. Hawaii Sea Grant College Program, Honolulu.
- Mito, S. (1962) Pelagic fish eggs from Japanese waters — V. Callionymina and Ophidiina. Science Bulletin of the Faculty of Agriculture Kyushu University 19, 377–380.
- Myers, R.F. (1999) Micronesian Reef Fishes. 3rd edn. Coral Graphics, Guam.
- Russell, F.S. (1976) The Eggs and Planktonic Stages of British Marine Fishes. Academic Press, London.
- Sano, M., Shimuzu, M. and Nose, Y. (1984) Food habits of teleostean reef fishes in Okinawa Island, southern Japan. University Museum University of Tokyo Bulletin 25, 1–128
- Takai, T. and Yoshioka, T. (1979) The life history of the dragonet, Callionymus beniteguri in the Seto Inland Sea — I. Eggs, larva and juvenile. Journal of the Shimonoeski University of Fisheries., 27(2–3), 147–154.
- Takita, T. (1980) Embryonic development and larvae of three dragonets. Bulletin of the Japanese Society of Science and Fisheries 46(1), 1–7.
- Takita, T. (1983) Embryonic and larval development of the callionymid fish, Callionymus calliste. Japanese Journal of Ichthyology 29: 441–445.
- Takita, T. and Okamoto, E. (1979) Spawning behavior of the two dragonets, Callionymus flagris and C. richardsoni, in the aquarium. Japanese Journal of Ichthyology 26(3), 282–288.
- Takita, T., Iwamoto, T., Kai, S. and Sogabe, I. (1983) Maturation and spawning of the dragonet, Callionymus enneactis, in an aquarium. Japanese Journal of Ichthyology 30(3), 221–226.
- Vincent, A.C.J. and Sadovy, Y. (1998) Reproductive ecology in the conservation and management of fishes. In Behavioural Ecology and Conservation Biology (T. Caro, ed.). Oxford University Press, New York, pp. 209–245.
- Wilkerson, J. (1996) C-Quest Hatchery — Innovations in captive ornamental marine fish culturing. Freshwater and Marine Aquarium 19(4), 123 ff.
- Wood, E.M. (2001) Collection of reef fish for aquaria: conservation issues and management needs. In Coral Reef Fish Status Report (C.M. Roberts, J.P. Hawkins and D.E. McAllister, eds). Species Survival Commission, IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
- Early Development of the Mandarinfish, Synchiropus splendidus (Callionymidae), with notes on its Fishery and Potential for Culture
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation
Volume 3, Issue 4 , pp 253-263
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- early life history
- selective fishing
- aquarium trade