Optimization of bagasse, nutrients and initial moisture ratios on the yield of penicillin in solid-state fermentation
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- Domínguez, M., Mejía, A., Revah, S. et al. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology (2001) 17: 751. doi:10.1023/A:1012923814261
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An advanced solid-state fermentation (SSF) system (liquid medium absorbed on an inert support) has been applied to antibiotic production. The main components of this solid medium are: support (sugarcane bagasse), nutrients and water. The first two are solids and have to be considered to calculate the initial moisture content (IMC) of the medium. Earlier work indicated the importance of using high IMCs and concentrated media to obtain high penicillin yields in SSF. Nevertheless, the present work shows that high values of IMC or nutrients content can stimulate or inhibit penicillin production, depending on the strategy used to compensate this change (i.e. the proportions of the other two components). Conversely, increasing bagasse content always showed an inhibitory effect on the production. Since penicillin production depends on the combinations of these components, a global approach was used. The effect of the proportions of the three components on penicillin production was studied by means of a triangle of combinations and a 3D graph. It was possible to establish that high penicillin production is only obtained in a zone of low support content (10–12.5%). Surprisingly, one production maximum was observed in a zone of low moisture and high nutrients content (62 and 25.5% respectively); and another one in a zone of high moisture and a relatively low nutrients concentration (75.5 and 12.4% respectively).