Chemical Recognition of Partner Plant Species by Foundress Ant Queens in Macaranga–Crematogaster Myrmecophytism
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The partnership in the Crematogaster–Macaranga ant–plant interaction is highly species-specific. Because a mutualistic relationship on a Macaranga plant starts with colonization by a foundress queen of a partner Crematogaster species, we hypothesized that the foundress queens select their partner plant species by chemical recognition. We tested this hypothesis with four sympatric Macaranga species and their Crematogaster plant-ant species. We demonstrated that foundress Crematogaster queens can recognize their partner Macaranga species by contact with the surface of the seedlings, that they can recognize compounds from the stem surface of seedlings of their partner plant species, and that the gas chromatographic profiles are characteristic of the plant species. These findings support the hypothesis that foundress queens of the Crematogaster plant-ant species select their partner Macaranga species by recognizing nonvolatile chemical characteristics of the stem surfaces of seedlings.
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- Chemical Recognition of Partner Plant Species by Foundress Ant Queens in Macaranga–Crematogaster Myrmecophytism
Journal of Chemical Ecology
Volume 27, Issue 10 , pp 2029-2040
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- partner-plant selection
- partner-plant recognition
- ant–plant interactions
- chemical recognition
- ant dispersal
- insect–plant coevolution
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Center for Ecological Research, Kyoto University, Ôtsu, 520-2113, Japan
- 2. Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences, Nagoya University, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, 464-8601, Japan
- 3. Department of Applied Biology, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Sakyô-ku, Kyoto, 606-0962, Japan
- 4. Faculty of Agriculture, Kagawa University, Miki-chô, Kita-gun, Kagawa, 761-0795, Japan