Neighbourhood renewal: A toolkit for regeneration
- Cite this article as:
- Hull, A. GeoJournal (2000) 51: 301. doi:10.1023/A:1012258625054
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A major criticism of urban regeneration policies during the 1980s and 1990s in England has been the failure to reduce the gap between the poorest neighbourhoods and the national average for the indices of long-term unemployment, crime rates, health chances and educational qualifications. The UK Government, since election in 1997, has undertaken a wide-ranging review of urban policy. New approaches and more effective use of public sector resources are being piloted in an attempt to identify the pathways to social inclusion, which seem to have been missing in previous regeneration attempts (Audit Commission, 1989; DoEE, 2000). This paper seeks to deepen our understanding of the appropriate balance between physical and social regeneration through proposing an approach that foregrounds the role of residents in neighbourhood regeneration.