Substance Abuse

, Volume 22, Issue 4, pp 209–216

Active and Former Injection Drug Users Report of HIV Risk Behaviors During Periods of Incarceration

  • Jennifer G. Clarke
  • Michael D. Stein
  • Lucy Hanna
  • Mindy Sobota
  • Josiah D. Rich
Article

DOI: 10.1023/A:1012213827321

Cite this article as:
Clarke, J.G., Stein, M.D., Hanna, L. et al. Subst Abus (2001) 22: 209. doi:10.1023/A:1012213827321
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Abstract

American prisons have increasing numbers of inmates incarcerated for drug offenses. This population is at high risk for HIV-infection and may continue HIV transmission risk behaviors while incarcerated. We find that 31% of injection drug users with a history of imprisonment had used illicit drugs in prison, and nearly half of these persons had injected drugs while incarcerated. Male gender and number of times incarcerated were associated with drug use in prison. Interventions for drug-using prisoners that are advocated in some European prisons, such as needle exchange programs and methadone maintenance, need attention in the United States.

prisonsHIV risk behaviorsinjection drug useincarceration

Copyright information

© Association for Medical Education and Research in Substance Abuse 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jennifer G. Clarke
    • 1
  • Michael D. Stein
    • 1
  • Lucy Hanna
    • 1
  • Mindy Sobota
    • 1
  • Josiah D. Rich
    • 1
  1. 1.Departments of Medicine and Community HealthBrown University School of MedicineProvidence