Clinical & Experimental Metastasis

, Volume 18, Issue 6, pp 493–499

TGFβ1 stimulates the secretion of matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) and the invasive behavior in human ovarian cancer cells, which is suppressed by MMP inhibitor BB3103


  • Sui-Wen Lin
    • Institute of PhysiologyNational Yang-Ming University
  • Ming-Ting Lee
    • Institute of Biological ChemistryAcademia Sinica
  • Ferng-Chun Ke
    • Department of ZoologyNational Taiwan University
  • Ping-Ping H. Lee
    • Department of Pharmacology and TherapeuticsRoswell Park Cancer Institute
  • Chang-Jen Huang
    • Institute of Biological ChemistryAcademia Sinica
  • Margot M. Ip
    • Department of Pharmacology and TherapeuticsRoswell Park Cancer Institute
  • Lily Chen
    • Institute of PhysiologyNational Yang-Ming University
  • Jiuan-Jiuan Hwang
    • Institute of PhysiologyNational Yang-Ming University

DOI: 10.1023/A:1011888126865

Cite this article as:
Lin, S., Lee, M., Ke, F. et al. Clin Exp Metastasis (2000) 18: 493. doi:10.1023/A:1011888126865


The present study investigated the modulatory role of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFβ1) on the secretion of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tested whether the altered secretion of MMPs could directly affect the invasive behavior of ovarian cancer cells. To this aim, human ovarian cancer SKOV3 cells were treated once with vehicle or various concentrations of TGFβ1 for 24 h. Gelatinase activities in conditioned media were analyzed by zymography and densitometry. TGFβ1 dose-dependently stimulated the secretion of a 68-kDa gelatinase, which was characterized as an MMP because its activity was inhibited by a metalloproteinase inhibitor 1,10-phenanthroline, and by a synthetic MMP inhibitor BB3103. In addition, we used aminophenylmercuric acetate (APMA) to activate latent gelatinases. APMA time-dependently decreased the activity of 68-kDa gelatinase, and increased the activities of 64- and 62-kDa gelatinolytic bands. The 68-kDa gelatinase was further characterized as MMP2 (gelatinase A) by immunoblotting analysis. We then tested TGFβ1 effect on the invasive potential of SKOV3 cells as assessed by the migration ability through reconstituted basement membrane, and further investigated whether TGFβ1 may act through modulating the MMP activity to affect ovarian cancer cell invasion. The results show that TGFβ1 stimulated the invasive behavior of SKOV3 cells, and that MMP inhibitor BB3103 abrogated this effect of TGFβ1. In conclusion, this study indicates that TGFβ1 may act partly through stimulating the secretion of MMP in promoting the invasive behavior of human ovarian cancer cells. Furthermore, this work supports the idea that specific MMP inhibitors of the hydroxamate class could be therapeutically useful in controlling cancer cell invasion/metastasis.

BB-3103gelatinaseinvasionMMPovarian cancerTGFβ1

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© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000