Clinical & Experimental Metastasis

, Volume 18, Issue 6, pp 519–525

The relationship of BRMS1 and RhoGDI2 gene expression to metastatic potential in lineage related human bladder cancer cell lines


  • M. Jabed Seraj
    • Departments of Molecular Physiology and UrologyUniversity of Virginia
  • Michael A. Harding
    • Departments of Molecular Physiology and UrologyUniversity of Virginia
  • John J. Gildea
    • Departments of Molecular Physiology and UrologyUniversity of Virginia
  • Danny R. Welch
    • Jake Gittlen Cancer Research InstituteThe Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine
  • Dan Theodorescu
    • Departments of Molecular Physiology and UrologyUniversity of Virginia

DOI: 10.1023/A:1011819621859

Cite this article as:
Seraj, M.J., Harding, M.A., Gildea, J.J. et al. Clin Exp Metastasis (2000) 18: 519. doi:10.1023/A:1011819621859


We have recently characterized a human bladder cancer cell line T24 and a more aggressive lineage related variant of it, T24T. To gain further insights, we have studied their metastatic ability in an in vivo model system. Results show that T24 forms significantly fewer [4/12 (1/11) mice had metastases with 1-2 lesions/mouse] metastasis in SCID/bg mice than T24T [14/14 (6/6) mice had metastases with a mean of 24-28 lesions/mouse]. To begin exploring the mechanisms underlying this difference, we evaluated the mRNA and protein expression levels of metastasis-suppressor genes, known to be important in the progression of other cancers, in our model of bladder cancer progression. A higher mRNA expression of BRMS1, a metastasis suppressor in breast cancer, was observed in T24 cells. In addition, RhoGDI2 mRNA expression was only observed in T24 when compared to T24T, suggesting that Rho activation might play a significant role in the metastatic cascade. However, a basal level mRNA expression of KISS1, described as metastasis suppressor in melanoma and breast, was observed in both the lines and had slightly higher expression in T24T. No difference of Nm23-H1, KAI1, MKK4/SEK1 and E-Cadherin protein levels were noted between these two lines. In summary, it appears that the T24/T24T paired cell lines constitute a useful model for the study of human bladder cancer metastasis that will allow both the discovery and mechanistic evaluation of genes potentially involved in this process.

bladder neoplasmmetastasis suppressor genestumor metastasistumor progression

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© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000