Foundations of Science

, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 163-233

First online:

The Construction of ‘Reality’ in the Robot: Constructivist Perspectives on Situated Artificial Intelligence and Adaptive Robotics

  • Tom ZiemkeAffiliated withDepartment of Computer Science, University of Skövde

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This paper discusses different approaches incognitive science and artificial intelligenceresearch from the perspective of radicalconstructivism, addressing especially theirrelation to the biologically based theories ofvon Uexküll, Piaget as well as Maturana andVarela. In particular recent work in ‘New AI’ and adaptive robotics on situated and embodiedintelligence is examined, and we discuss indetail the role of constructive processes asthe basis of situatedness in both robots andliving organisms.

adaptive robotics artificial intelligence embodied cognition radical constructivism situatedness