Hyperfine Interactions

, 130:5

Nanocrystalline materials – Current research and future directions

  • C. Suryanarayana
  • C.C. Koch

DOI: 10.1023/A:1011026900989

Cite this article as:
Suryanarayana, C. & Koch, C. Hyperfine Interactions (2000) 130: 5. doi:10.1023/A:1011026900989


Nanocrystalline materials, with a grain size of typically <100 nm, are a new class of materials with properties vastly different from and often superior to those of the conventional coarse-grained materials. These materials can be synthesized by a number of different techniques and the grain size, morphology, and composition can be controlled by controlling the process parameters. In comparison to the coarse-grained materials, nanocrystalline materials show higher strength and hardness, enhanced diffusivity, and superior soft and hard magnetic properties. Limited quantities of these materials are presently produced and marketed in the US, Canada, and elsewhere. Applications for these materials are being actively explored. The present article discusses the synthesis, structure, thermal stability, properties, and potential applications of nanocrystalline materials.

nanocrystalline materialssynthesisinert gas condensationmechanical alloyingelectrodepositioncrystallization of amorphous alloysgrain boundariesthermal stabilitygrain growthmechanical propertiesmagnetic propertieselectrical propertiesapplications

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Suryanarayana
    • 1
  • C.C. Koch
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Metallurgical and Materials EngineeringColorado School of MinesGoldenUSA
  2. 2.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA