Aguirre, B.E., Saenz, R., Edmiston, J., Yang, N., Agramonte, E. & Stuart, D.L. (1993), The human ecology of tornadoes, Demography 30: 623–633.
Almeida, O.T., Veríssimo, A., Toniolo, A., Uhl, C., Mattos, M.M., Barreto, P. & Tarifa, R. (1996), A evolução da fronteira Amazônica, Belém: IMAZON.
Alston, L.J., Libecap, G.D. & Schneider, R. (1993), The settlement process, property rights, and land use on the Brazilian Amazon frontier: Preliminary results and lessons from US economic history. Presented at the All-University of California Economic History Conference, Pasadena, April 2–3.
Alston, L.J., Libecap, G.D. & Schneider, R. (1996), The determinants and impact of property rights: Land titles on the Brazilian Frontier. NBER Working Paper No. 5405.
Alston, L.J., Libecap, G.D. & Mueller, R. (1999), Titles, Conflict, and Land Use: The Development of Property Rights and Land Reform on the Brazilian Amazon Frontier, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Arzipe, L., Stone, M.P. & Major, D.C., eds (1994), Population and Environment, Boulder: Westview Press.
Bongaarts, J. (1992), Population growth and global warming, Population and Development Review 18: 299–319.
Bongaarts, J. (1996), Population pressure and the food supply system in the developing world, Population and Development Review 23: 483–503.
Boserup, E. (1965), The Conditions of Agricultural Growth, London: Allen and Unwin.
Boserup, E. (1981), Population and Technological Change, Chicago: University of ChicagoPress.
Cohen, J.E. (1995), How Many People can the Earth Support? New York: W.W. Norton andCo.
Davis, K. & Bernstam, M.S., eds (1991), Resources, Environment and Population, NewYork: Oxford University Press.
Dufour, D. (1990), Use of tropical rainforests by native Amazonians, BioScience 40: 652–659.
Ehrlich, P. & Ehrlich, A. (1990), The Population Explosion, New York: Simon and Schuster.
Ellis, F. (1993), Peasant Economics, 2nd edn, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Fearnside, P.M. (1990), Environmental destruction in the Brazilian Amazon, pp. 171–220 in D. Goodman & A. Hall (eds), The Future of Amazonia, London: St. Martin's Press.
Gash, J.H.C., Nobre, C., Roberts, J.M. & Victoria, R.L., eds (1996), Amazonian Deforestation and Climate Change, Chichester: John Wiley and Sons.
Godoy, R., O'Neill, K., Groff, S., Kostishack, P., Cubas, A., Demmer, J., McSweeney, K., Overman, J., Wilkie, D., Brokaw, N. & Martinez, M. (1997a), Household determinants of deforestation by Amerindians in Honduras, World Development 25: 977–987.
Godoy, R., Wilkie, D. & Franks, J. (1997b), The effects of markets on neotropical deforestation: A comparative study of four Amerindian societies, Current Anthropology 38: 875–878.
Godoy, R., Groff, S. & O'Neill, K. (1998a), The role of education in neotropical deforestation: Household evidence from Amerindians in Honduras, Human Ecology 26: 649–675.
Godoy, R., Jacobson, M., De Castro, J., Aliaga, J., Romero, J. & Davis, A. (1998b), The role of tenure security and private time preference in neotropical deforestation, Land Economics 74: 162–170.
Godoy, R., Jacobson, M. & Wilkie, D. (1998c), Strategies of rain-forest dwellers against misfortunes: The Tsimane Indians of Bolivia, Ethnology 37: 55–69.
Green, C.P. (1992), The environment and population growth: Decade for action, Population Reports Series M, No. 10.
Hogan, D. (1992). Migration dynamics, environmental degradation and health in São Paulo, pp. 279–299, in Veracruz 1992: El poblamiento de las Américas, Proceedings of the 1992 IUSSP Meetings, Vol. 2.
Hunter, L.M. (1998), The association between environmental risk and internal migration flows, Population and Environment 19: 247–277.
Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE) (1983), Censo demográfico – 1980: Dados gerais, Rio de Janeiro: IBGE.
IBGE (1990), Censo agropecuário – 1985, IBGE, Rio de Janeiro.
IBGE (1996), Censo demográfico – 1991: Características da população e instrução, Rio de Janeiro: IBGE.
IBGE (1998a), Contagem populacional de 1996. Available at IBGE website, http://www.ibge.org, June.
IBGE (1998b), Censo agropecu rio 1995/96. Available at IBGE website, http://www.ibge.org, June.
Instituto de Desenvolvimento do Estado do Pará (IDESP) (1990), Uruará, Belém: IDESP.
INPE (Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais) 2000, Desmatamento da Amazônia Brasleira, 1998–1999, Available at INPE website, http://www.inpe.br/Informacoes_Eventos/amz1998_1999/pagina7.htm, May.
Jolly, C. (1994), Four theories of population change and the environment, Population and Environment 16: 61–90.
Jones, D.W., Dale, V.H., Beauchamp, J.J., Pedlowski, M.A. & O'Neill, R.V. (1995), Farming in Rondnia., Resource and Energy Economics 17: 155–188.
Jordan, C.F. (1986), Local effects of tropical deforestation, pp. 410–426 in M. Soulé, (ed.), Conservation Biology, Sutherland: Sinauer Associates.
Kates, R.W. (1996), Population, technology and the human environment: A thread through time, Daedalus 125: 43–71.
Keyfitz, N. (1991), Population and development within the ecosphere: One view of the literature, Population Index 57: 5–22.
Lutzenheiser, L. & Hackett, B. (1993), Social stratification and environmental destruction: Understanding household CO2 production, Social Problems 40: 50–73.
MacKellar, F.L., Lutz, W., McMichael, A.J., Suhrke, A., Mishra, V., O'Neill, B., Prakeesh, S. & Wexler, L. (1998), Population and climate change, pp. 89–193 in S. Rayner and E.L. Malone (eds), Human Choice and Climate Change, Vol. 1: The Societal Framework, Columbus: Battelle Press.
Marquette, C.M. (1998), Land use patterns among small farmer settlers in the Northeastern Ecuadorian Amazon, Human Ecology 26: 573–593.
Mazur, L.A., ed. (1994), Beyond the Numbers, Washington, DC: Island Press.
McCracken, S.D., Brondizio, E.S., Nelson, D., Moran, E.F., Siqueira, A.D. & Rodriguez-Pedraza, C. (1999), Remote sensing and GIS at farm property level: Demography and deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon, Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 65: 1311–1320.
Moran, E.F. (1989), Adaptation and maladaptation in newly settled areas, pp. 20–41 in D. Schumann and W. Partridge (eds), The Human Ecology of Tropical Land Settlement in Latin America, Boulder: Westview Press.
Murphy, L. (2000), Land use and deforestation by migrant colonists in the Amazon: Permanence and adaptation. Paper presented at the XXII meetings of the Latin American Studies Association, Miami, March 16–18.
Nepstad, D., Uhl, C. & Serrão, E.A.S. (1991), Recuperation of a degraded Amazonian landscape: Forest recovery and agricultural restoration, Ambio 20, 248–255.
Nepstad, D., Veríssimo, A., Alencar, A., Nobre, C., Lima, E., Lefebvre, P., Schlesinger, P., Potter, C., Moutinho, P., Mendoza, E., Cochrane, M. & Brooks, V. (1999), Large-scale impoverishment of Amazonian forests by logging and fire, Nature 398: 505–508.
Ness, G.D., Drake, W.D. & Brechin, S.R., eds (1993), Population-environment dynamics, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan.
Netting, R. McC. (1993), Smallholders, householders, Stanford University Press, Stanford.
O'Lear, S. (1997),Migration and the environment: A review of recent literature, Social Science Quarterly 78: 606–618.
Ozorio de Almeida, A.L. & Campari, J.S. (1995), Sustainable Settlement in the Brazilian Amazon, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Panayotou, T. (1996), An inquiry into population, resources, and environment, pp. 259–298 in D.A. Ahlburg, A.C. Kelley & K. Oppenheim Mason (eds), The Impact of Population Growth on Well-Being in Developing Countries, New York: Springer-Verlag.
Pebley, A.R. (1998), Demography and the environment, Demography 35: 377–389.
Perz, S.G. (2001a), From sustainable development to ‘productive conservation’: Forest conservation options and agricultural income and assets in the Brazilian Amazon, Rural Sociology 66: 93–112.
Perz, S.G. (2001b), Population growth and net migration in the Brazilian legal Amazon, 1970– 1996, forthcoming in C.H. Wood & R. Porro (eds), Land Use and Forest Change in the Brazilian Amazon, Gainesville: University of Florida Press.
Pichón, F.J. (1996a), Settler agriculture and the dynamics of resource allocation in frontier environments, Human Ecology 24: 341–371.
Pichón, F.J. (1996b), Land-use strategies in the Amazon Frontier: Farm-level evidence from Ecuador, Human Organization 55: 416–424.
Pichón, F.J. (1996c), The forest conversion process: A discussion of the sustainability of predominant land uses associated with frontier expansion in the Amazon, Agriculture and Human Values 13: 32–51.
Pichón, F.J. (1997), Colonist land-allocation decisions, land use, and deforestation in the Ecuadorian Amazon frontier, Economic Development and Culture Change 45: 707–744.
Preston, S.H. (1996), The effects of population growth on environmental quality, Population Research and Policy Review 15: 95–108.
Rudel, T.R. & Horowitz, B. (1993), Tropical Deforestation: Small Farmers and Land Clearing in the Ecuadorian Amazon, New York: Columbia.
Serrão, E.A.S. & Homma, A.K.O. (1993), Brazil, pp. 265–351 in Sustainable Agriculture and the Environment in the Humid Tropics, Washington: National Academy Press.
Serrão, E.A.S. & Toledo, J.M. (1991), The search for sustainability in Amazonian pastures, pp. 195–213 in A.B. Anderson (ed.), Alternatives to Deforestation, New York: Columbia University Press.
Skole, D.L. & Tucker, C.J. (1993), Tropical deforestation and habitat fragmentation in the Amazon: Satellite data from 1978 to 1988, Science 260: 1905–1910.
Smail, J.K. (1997), Beyond population stabilization: The case for dramatically reducing global human numbers, Politics and the Life Sciences 16: 183–192.
Smil, V. (1994), How many people can earth feed?, Population and Development Review 20: 255–292.
Smith, S.K. & McCarty, C. (1996), Demographic effects of natural disasters: A case study of hurricane Andrew, Demography 33: 265–275.
Sydenstricker Neto, J. & Vosti, S.A. (1993), Household Size, Sex Composition, and Land Use in Tropic Moist Forests: Evidence from the Machadinho Colonization Project, Rondonia, Brazil, unpublished manuscript.
Thorner, D., Kerblay, B. & Smith, R.E.F., eds (1986), A.V. Chayanov on the Theory of Peasant Economy, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
Tiffen, M. & Mortimore, M. (1994). Malthus controverted: The role of capital and technology in growth and environment recovery in Kenya, World Development 22(7): 997–1008.
Tourrand, J.-F., Veiga, J.B., Simão-Neto, M., Vale, W.G., Ferreira, L.A., Ludovino, R.R. & Mares Guia, A.P.O. (1996), Animal Husbandry in Agricultural Frontiers of the Brazilian Amazon, Belém, unpublished manuscript.
Turner, B.L.II, Skole, D., Sanderson, S., Fischer, G., Fresco, L. & Leemans, R. (1995), Land-Use and Land-Cover Change Science/Research Plan, Stockholm and Geneva: IGBP/HDP.
United Nations (1994), Population, Environment and Development, Proceedings of the UN Working Expert Group Meetings on Population, Environment and Development, UN Headquarters, 20–24 Jan. 1992, New York: UN.
Walker, R.T. & Homma, A.K.O. (1996), Land use and land cover dynamics in the Brazilian Amazon: An overview, Ecological Economics 18: 67–80.
Walker, R.T., Perz, S.G., Caldas, M. & Teixeira da Silva, L.G. (2001), Land use and land cover change in forest frontiers: The role of household life cycles, manuscript under review for publication.
Wood, C.H. & Walker, R.T. (2000), Tenure Security, Investment Decisions and Resource Use among Small Farmers in the Amazon, unpublished manuscript.