Photosynthesis Research

, Volume 66, Issue 1, pp 97–108

Acclimation response of spring wheat in a free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) atmosphere with variable soil nitrogen regimes. 3. Canopy architecture and gas exchange


    • USDA-ARSUS Water Conservation Laboratory
    • Department of GeographyArizona State University
  • Gerard W. Wall
    • USDA-ARSUS Water Conservation Laboratory
  • Paul J. PinterJr.
    • USDA-ARSUS Water Conservation Laboratory
  • Bruce A. Kimball
    • USDA-ARSUS Water Conservation Laboratory
  • Robert L. LaMorte
    • USDA-ARSUS Water Conservation Laboratory
  • Steven W. Leavitt
    • University of Arizona
  • Allan D. Matthias
    • University of Arizona
  • Floyd J. Adamsen
    • USDA-ARSUS Water Conservation Laboratory
  • Douglas J. Hunsaker
    • USDA-ARSUS Water Conservation Laboratory
  • Andrew N. Webber
    • Department of Plant BiologyArizona State University

DOI: 10.1023/A:1010634521467

Cite this article as:
Brooks, T.J., Wall, G.W., Pinter, P.J. et al. Photosynthesis Research (2000) 66: 97. doi:10.1023/A:1010634521467


The response of whole-canopy net CO2 exchange rate (CER) and canopy architecture to CO2 enrichment and N stress during 1996 and 1997 for open-field-grown wheat ecosystem (Triticum aestivum L. cv. Yecora Rojo) are described. Every Control (C) and FACE (F) CO2 treatment (defined as ambient and ambient +200 μmol mol−1, respectively) contained a Low- and High-N treatment. Low-N treatments constituted initial soil content amended with supplemental nitrogen applied at a rate of 70 kg N ha−1 (1996) and 15 kg N ha−1 (1997), whereas High-N treatments were supplemented with 350 kg N ha−1 (1996 and 1997). Elevated CO2 enhanced season-long carbon accumulation by 8% and 16% under Low-N and High-N, respectively. N-stress reduced season-long carbon accumulation 14% under ambient CO2, but by as much as 22% under CO2 enrichment. Averaging both years, green plant area index (GPAI) peaked approximately 76 days after planting at 7.13 for FH, 6.00 for CH, 3.89 for FL, and 3.89 for CL treatments. Leaf tip angle distribution (LTA) indicated that Low-N canopies were more erectophile than those of High-N canopies: 48° for FH, 52° for CH, and 58° for both FL and CL treatments. Temporal trends in canopy greenness indicated a decrease in leaf chlorophyll content from the flag to flag-2 leaves of 25% for FH, 28% for CH, 17% for CL, and 33% for FL during 1997. These results indicate that significant modifications of canopy architecture occurs in response to both CO2 and N-stress. Optimization of canopy architecture may serve as a mechanism to diminish CO2 and N-stress effects on CER.

canopy architecturecanopy photosynthesisCO2 enrichmentglobal changeleaf area indexleaf tip anglenitrogen stressTriticum aestivum

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000