Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 30, Issue 5, pp 561–575

School-Related Stress Experience as a Risk Factor for Bullying Behavior

  • Gerd Karin Natvig
  • Grethe Albrektsen
  • Ulla Qvarnstrøm
Article

DOI: 10.1023/A:1010448604838

Cite this article as:
Natvig, G.K., Albrektsen, G. & Qvarnstrøm, U. Journal of Youth and Adolescence (2001) 30: 561. doi:10.1023/A:1010448604838

Abstract

Associations between bullying behavior and school-related stress experience, self-efficacy, social support, and decision control were explored in a study of 885 Norwegian adolescents aged 13–15 years. Information was based on self-reports. The psychosocial factors were represented by an average of scores on 3–12 single items, each with 5 possible response categories. Bullying behavior was defined as bullying other pupils sometimes or more often during the term. The prevalence of bullying behavior was 9.2%, but significantly higher among boys than girls. Odds ratios of bullying behavior according to psychosocial factors were calculated in a multiple logistic regression analysis. Increasing school alienation was associated with an increased risk of bullying, whereas increasing support from teachers and peers decreased the risk. Increasing self-efficacy was associated with a significant increase in risk only among 14-year-old pupils, but a similar tendency was seen for 15-year-old pupils. No significant association was seen with decision control.

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerd Karin Natvig
    • 1
  • Grethe Albrektsen
    • 2
  • Ulla Qvarnstrøm
    • 3
  1. 1.Section of Nursing Science, Department of Public Health and Primary Health CareUniversity of BergenNorway
  2. 2.Section for Medical Statistics, Department of Public Health and Primary Health CareUniversity of BergenNorway
  3. 3.Department of Public Health and Primary Health CareUniversity of BergenNorway

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