, Volume 27, Issue 4, pp 747-760

ALLELOPATHY, DIMBOA PRODUCTION AND GENETIC VARIABILITY IN ACCESSIONS OF Triticum Speltoides

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Abstract

A screening was conducted to study the allelopathic potential of Australian-held accessions of Triticum speltoides. Of 26 accessions, four were found to inhibit root growth in the indicator species, lettuce (Lactuca sativa). The methanol leaf extracts of these accessions significantly reduced the root length of wild oat (Avena spp.). In all but one case, alellopathic accessions contained higher amounts of DIMBOA than did nonallelopathic accessions. Since some variation in allelopathic response was detected within lines, random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers were used to estimate genetic diversity between and within the allelopathic accessions of Triticum speltoides L. The average genetic similarity between all possible pairs of selected accessions was found to be 55% and ranged from 44% to 88%. Comparison of DNA extracted from different single seedlings within the same accession revealed significant intraaccession genetic diversity (4–24%), although this was much less than that observed between accessions tested. This intraaccession diversity has significant implications for the selection of T. speltoides accessions in breeding or screening programs.