, Volume 27, Issue 6, pp 1105-1118

Differential Neurosensory Responses of Adult Colorado Potato Beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata, to Glycoalkaloids

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Neurons from chemosensory hairs on the galeae of adult Colorado potato beetle (CPB), Leptinotarsa decemlineata(Say), were investigated for responses to glycoalkaloids of the family Solanaceae. While solanine and tomatine elicited irregular firing by multiple neurons and bursting activity at 1 mM concentration in most sensory hairs, stimulation with leptine I resulted in consistently high-frequency, slowly adapting responses with a dose-dependent effect between 0.03 and 0.3 mM concentrations. Responses to a mixture of solanine and leptine I suggested possible modification of the leptine I response by other glycoalkaloids, resulting in reduced neural activity relative to leptine I alone. These results establish a method for specifically evaluating leptine I and other glycoalkaloids for effects on feeding behavior of CPB and provide a sensory component for incorporating deterrent chemistry into biorational control methods for the CPB.