Happiness Prospers in Democracy
- Cite this article as:
- Frey, B.S. & Stutzer, A. Journal of Happiness Studies (2000) 1: 79. doi:10.1023/A:1010028211269
An econometric analysis of a happiness function, based on a surveyof 6,000 persons in Switzerland, indicates that:
(1) the more developed the institutions of direct democracy, the happier the individuals are;
(2) people derive procedural utility from the possibility of participating in the direct democratic process over and above a more favorable political outcome;
(3) the unemployed are much less happy than the employed, independent of income;
(4) higher income is associated with higher levels of happiness.
The consideration of institutional differences in cross-regional data offers important new insights into happiness research.
institutions direct democracy procedural utility
© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000