Foundations of Chemistry

, Volume 1, Issue 3, pp 225–238

Circulation of Concepts


  • Pierre Laszlo
    • Département de chimieÉcole polytechnique
    • Université de Liège

DOI: 10.1023/A:1009964503013

Cite this article as:
Laszlo, P. Foundations of Chemistry (1999) 1: 225. doi:10.1023/A:1009964503013


A major obstacle to chemistry being a deductive science is that its core concepts very often are defined in a circular manner: it is impossible to explain what an acid is without reference to the complementary concept of a base. There are many such dual pairs among the core concepts of chemistry. Such circulation of concepts, rather than an infirmity chemistry is beset with, is seen as a source of vitality and dynamism.

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999