Factors in the Success and Failure of Microbial Agents for Control of Migratory Pests
- Cite this article as:
- Lomer, C. Integrated Pest Management Reviews (1999) 4: 307. doi:10.1023/A:1009697019677
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Microbial control agents generally kill insects more slowly than chemical pesticides, and fast-moving migratory pests may not at first sight appear to offer the most promising targets for microbial control. Operators responsible for control may need to have recourse to chemical control agents. Nevertheless, there are many occasions when pests breed and feed outside the crop and a microbial control agent can be used. Similarly, immature stages may cause little damage and early treatment in the crop can avoid damage. Microbial control agents are particularly likely to be favoured if the pest breeds in a conservation area, and if a publicly-accountable agency is responsible for control.
Other key points of importance are the IPM context, in particular detection, planning and forecasting of outbreaks and the role of natural enemies.
With these points in mind, we identify several locust and grasshopper systems where microbial control is becoming established; additionally, Sunn pest of wheat and Armyworm are identified as promising situations forbreak microbials.