Aaheim, A.: 1994, State dependent pollution control and the choice of policy instruments
. CICERO Working Paper 1994:8, Oslo.Google Scholar
Aaheim, H.A., Aunan, K. and Seip, H.M.: 1997, Social benefits of energy conservation in Hungary. An examination of alternative methods of evaluation
. CICERO Working Paper 1997:10.Google Scholar
Alberini, A., Cropper, M., Fu, T.-T., Krupnick, A., Liu, J.-T., Shaw, D. and Harrington, W.: 1997, Valuing health effects of air pollution in developing countries: The case of Taiwan. J. Environmental Economics and Management
, 107–126.Google Scholar
Alfsen, K.H., Brendemoen, H. and Glomsrø d, S.: 1992, Benefits of climate policies: some tentative calculations
. Discussion Paper no. 69, Statistics Norway, Oslo.Google Scholar
Alfsen, K., Birkelund, H. and Aaserud, M.: 1995, Impacts of an EC carbon/energy tax and deregulating thermal power supply on CO2
, and NOx emissions. Envir. Resour. Economics
, 165–189.Google Scholar
Alfsen, K.H. and Rosendahl, K.E.: 1997, Economic damage of air pollution.
Statistics Norway, Oslo.Google Scholar
Aunan, K.: 1996, Exposure-response functions for health effects of air pollutants based on epidemiological findings. Risk Analysis
, 693- 709.Google Scholar
Aunan, K.: 1998. Reduced damage to health and environment from energy saving. Ph. D dissertation, Dept. of Chemistry, University of Oslo.
Aunan, K., Seip, H.M. and Aaheim, H.A.: 1995, A model framework for ranking of measures to reduce air pollution with a focus on damage assessment. In: Hargittai, I. and Vidó czy, T. (eds), Combustion Efficiency and Air Quality,
Plenum Press, New York, pp. 269- 283.Google Scholar
Aunan, A., Pátzay, G., Aaheim, H.A. and Seip, H.M.: 1997, Health and environmental benefits from the implementation of an energy saving program in Hungary.
CICERO Report 1997:1.Google Scholar
Aunan, A., Pátzay, G., Aaheim, H.A. and Seip, H.M.: 1998, Health and environmental benefits from air pollution reductions in Hungary. Sci. Total Envir.
, 245–268.Google Scholar
Ayres, R. and Walter, J.: 1991, The greenhouse effect: damages costs and abatement. Envir. Resour. Economics
, 237–230.Google Scholar
Barker, T.: 1993, Secondary benefits of greenhouse gas abatement: the effects of a UK carbon-energy tax on air pollution. Energy-Environment-Economy Modelling. Discussion Paper No. 4, Dept. of Applied Economics, University of Cambridge.
Bell, J.N.B.: 1992, A reassessment of critical levels for SO2
. In: Ashmore, M.R. and Wilson, G.B. (eds), Critical levels for air pollution in Europe,
Dept. of the Environment, London, pp. 6–19.Google Scholar
Bolin, B.: 1998, The Kyoto negotiations on Climate Change: A science perspective. Science
, 330–331.Google Scholar
Brown, L.: 1993, A new area unfolds. In: Brown, L. (ed.), State of the world 1993
, A Worldwatch Inst. Report, W.W. Norton & Comp., New York, pp. 3–21.Google Scholar
Cao, H.: 1989, Air pollutants and its effects on plants in China. J. Applied Ecol.
, 763–773.Google Scholar
Chongqing E.P.B.: 1996. The state of environment in Chongqing 1995. Chongqing Environ. Protection Bureau.
Cline, W.R.: 1992, The economics of global warming.
Inst. Intern. Economics, Washington D.C.Google Scholar
Cowell, D. and ApSimon, H.: 1996, Estimating the cost of damage to buildings by acidifying atmospheric pollution in Europe. Atmos. Envir.
, 2959- 2968.Google Scholar
Cropper, M.L. and Oates, W.E.: 1992, Environmental economics. A survey. J. Economic Literature
, 675–740.Google Scholar
Culaotta, E.: 1995, Will plants profit from high CO2
, 654–656.Google Scholar
EC-UN/ECE: 1996, Forest condition in Europe. Results of the 1995 survey
. European Commission and UN Economic Commission for Europe, Brussels, Geneva.Google Scholar
Ekins, P.: 1995, Rethinking the costs related to global warming: A survey of the issues. Envir. Resour Economics
: 231–277.Google Scholar
EPA: 1996, Valuation of human health and welfare effects of criteria pollutants
. Appendix I to The benefits and costs of the Clean Air Act, 1970-1990
. USEPA, Washington DC, USA.Google Scholar
Erisman, J.W., De Vries, W. and Müller-Edzards, C.: 1997, Ten years of monitoring forest condition in Europe.
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, European Commission, Brussels, Geneva.Google Scholar
EXTERNE: 1995, Methodology - economic evaluation.
Chapter 3 in Vol. 1: Summary, EXTERNE - Externalities of energy
, European Commission, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.Google Scholar
Fankhauser, S.: 1995, Valuing climate change. The economics of the greenhouse
, Earthscan Publications Ltd, London.Google Scholar
Führer, J.: 1996, The critical levels for effects of ozone on crops, and the transfer to mapping. In: Kärenlampi, L. and Skärby, L. (eds), Critical levels for ozone in Europe: Testing and finalizing the concepts
, UN-ECE Workshop report, Univ. of Kuopio, Finland, pp. 27–43.Google Scholar
Gan, L.: 1998, Energy development and environmental constraints in China. Energy Policy
, 119–128.Google Scholar
Hjellbrekke, A.G., Schaug, J. and Skjelmoen, J.E.: 1996, EMEP Data report 1994
, Norwegian Inst. Air Research, P.O. Box 100, N-2007 Kjeller, Norway.Google Scholar
Houghton, J.T., Meira Filho, L.G., Callander, B.A., Harris, N., Kattenberg, A. and Maskell, K. (eds): 1996, Climate change 1995. The science of climate change. Cambridge University Press.
Johnston, P., Santillo, D. and Stringer, R.: 1996, Risk assessment and reality: recognising the limitations. In: Quint, D., Taylor, D. and Purchase, R. (eds), Environmental impact of chemicals: assessment and control
, The Royal Soc. of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK, pp. 223–239.Google Scholar
Kahnemann, D. and Knetsch, J.L.: 1992, Valuing Public Goods: The Purchase of Moral Satisfaction, J. Envir. Economics and Management
, 57–70.Google Scholar
Kruse, K.: 1995, Air pollution and impacts on materials in Budapest
(in Norwegian). Master Thesis, Dept. of Chemistry, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.Google Scholar
Kucera, V. and Fitz, S.: 1995, Direct and indirect air pollution effects on materials including cultural monuments. Water Air Soil Pollut.
, 153–165.Google Scholar
Kucerea, V., Henriksen, J., Knotkova, D. and Sjöström, C.: 1993, Model for calculations of corrosion costs caused by air pollution and its application in three cities. In: Costa, J.M. and Mercer, A.D. (eds), Progress in understanding and prevention of corrosion.
. Inst. of Materials, London, pp. 24–32.Google Scholar
Larssen, T., Xiong, J., Seip, H.M., Liao, B. and Zhao, D.: 1998, Studies of soils, soil water and stream water at a small catchment near Guiyang, China. Water Air Soil Pollut.
, 137–162.Google Scholar
Lewis, H.W.: 1990, Technological risk
. W.W. Norton & Company, New York, London.Google Scholar
Lø kke, H., Bak, J., Falkengren-Grerup, U., Finlay, R.D., Ilvesniemi, H., Nygaard, P.H. and Starr, M.: 1996, Critical loads of acidic deposition for forest soils: is the current approach adequate? Ambio
, 510–516.Google Scholar
McMichael, A.J., Haines, A., Slooff, R. and Kovats, S.: 1996, Climate change and human health
, WHO, Geneva.Google Scholar
Morgan, G. M. and Dowlatabadi, H.: 1996, Learning from integrated assessment of climate change. Climatic Change
: 337–368.Google Scholar
Mulberg, J.: 1993, Economics and the impossibility of environmental evaluation. Proceedings of the Conference on values and the environment
. Guildford, University of Surrey, pp. 107–112.Google Scholar
Navrud, S.: 1994, Economic valuation of external costs of fuel cycles. Testing the benefit transfer approach. In: de Almeida, T. et al. (eds), Integrated electricity resources planning, Kluwer Academic Publ., pp. 49–66.
Nordhaus, W.D.: 1993, Rolling the DICE: An Optimal Transition Path for Controlling Greenhouse Gases, Resour. and Energy Economics
, 27–50.Google Scholar
OECD: 1989, Environmental policy benefits: Monetary valuation, Study prepared by Pearce, D.W. and Markandya, A., Paris.
OECD/IEA: 1995, Energy policies in Hungary - 1995 survey
. OECD, Paris, 214 pp.Google Scholar
Ostro, B.: 1996, A methodology for estimating air pollution health effects
. WHO report WHO/EHG/96.5, WHO Geneva.Google Scholar
Pálvölgyi, T. and Faragó , T. (eds): 1994, Hungary: Stabilisation of the greenhouse gas emissions. National communication on the implementation of commitments under the United Nations framework convention on climate change
. Hungarian Commission on Sustainable Development, Budapest. 93 pp.Google Scholar
Pearce, D.W., Cline, W.R., Achanta, A.N., Frankhauser, S., Pachauri, R.K., Tol, R.S.J. and Vellinga, P.: 1996, The social costs of climate change: Greenhouse damage and benefits of control., In: Climate change 1995. Economic and social dimensions of climate change. Chapter 6. Cambridge University Press.
Pepper, D.: 1996, Modern environmentalism. An introduction. Routledge, London and New York.
Poó s, M.: 1994, The Hungarian energy efficiency and saving programme
. OECD/IEA Annex I Countries Expert Workshops, UNESCO HQ, June, 1994, Paris. Ministry of Industry and Trade, Budapest, 18 pp.Google Scholar
Reichhardt, T.: 1996, New US air pollution regulations are set for a bumpy ride. Nature
, 392.Google Scholar
Roland, K., Seip, H.M., Aaheim, A., Aunan, K., Lunde, L. and Vennemo, H.: 1997, Chongqing Environmental Plan Study
, ECON Report 49/96. Centre for Economic Analysis, P.O. Box 6823 St. Olavs Plass, 0130, Oslo, Norway, 75 pp.Google Scholar
Seip, H.M., Aunan, K., Bándi, G., Haugland, T., Matlary, J.H., Szlávik, J., Tajthy, E., Tajthy, T. and Aaheim, H.A.: 1995, Climate, air pollution and energy in Hungary
. CICERO report 1995:2, Center for International Climate and Environmental Research - Oslo, P.O. Box 1129 Blindern, 0317 Oslo, Norway.Google Scholar
Seip, K. and Strand, J.: 1992, Willingness to pay for environmental goods in Norway: A contingent valuation study with real payment. Envir. Resour. Econ.
, 91–106.Google Scholar
SFT: 1992, Effects of ambient air pollution on health and the environment - Air quality guidelines.
Norwegian Pollution Control Authority, Oslo. 1992, Report 93:18.Google Scholar
Shrader-Frechette, K.S.: 1991, Risk and Rationality
, University of California Press, Berkely.Google Scholar
Shrader-Frechette, K.S.: 1996, Methodological rules for four classes of scientific uncertainty. In: Lemons, J. (ed.), Scientific uncertainty and environmental problem solving, Blackwell Science, pp. 12–39.
Smith, J.B.: 1996, Standardized estimates of climate change damages for the United States. Climatic Change
, 313–326.Google Scholar
Sprigg, W.A.: 1996, Doctors watch the forecasts. Nature
, 582–583.Google Scholar
Swisher, J.N.: 1996, Regulatory and mixed policy options for reducing energy use and carbon emissions. Mitig. Adapt. Strategies Global Change
, 23–49.Google Scholar
Tajthy, T.: 1993, Emissions of air pollutants from fuel consumption (in Hungarian). Magyar Energetika
, 38–43.Google Scholar
Trø nnes, D.H. and Seip, H.M.: 1988, Decision making in control of air pollutants posing health risks. In: Richardson, M.L. (ed.), Risk assessment of chemicals in the environment
, The Royal Soc. Chem., London, pp. 265–297.Google Scholar
Watson, R.T., Zinyowera, M.C. and Moss, R.H.: 1996, Climate change 1995. Impacts, adaptations and mitigations of climate change; Scientific-technical analyses. Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Wells, G.J., Xu, X. and Johnson, T.M.: 1994, Valuing the health effects of air pollution: Application to industrial energy efficiency projects in China. Subreport number 8 in the series China - Issues and options in greenhouse gas emission control. The World Bank, Industry and Energy Division, China and Mongolia Dept.
Wenstø p, F., Carlsen, A.J., Bergland, O. and Magnus, P.: 1994, Valuation of environmental goods with expert panels. Norwegian School of Management, Research Report 1994 /1.
WGPHFC: 1997, Short-term improvements in public health from global-climate policies on fossilfuel combustion: an interim report. Lancet
, 1341–1349.Google Scholar
WHO: 1995, Update and revision of the air quality guidelines for Europe. Meeting of Working Group ‘Classical’ Air Pollutants, Bilthoven, The Netherlands, 11- 14 Oct. 1994. WHO Regional Office for Europe, 1995, Copenhagen, 29 pp.
Xu, X., Dockery, D. and Chen, Y.: 1994, Air pollution and daily mortality in residential areas of Beijing, China. Archives Envir. Health
, 216–222.Google Scholar