Environmental and Ecological Statistics

, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 285–299

Animal abundance estimation in independent observer line transect surveys

  • Song Xi Chen

DOI: 10.1023/A:1009623301208

Cite this article as:
Chen, S.X. Environmental and Ecological Statistics (2000) 7: 285. doi:10.1023/A:1009623301208


The theory of conventional line transect surveys is based on an essential assumption that 100% detection of animals right on the transect lines can be achieved. When this assumption fails, independent observer line transect surveys are used. This paper proposes a general approach, based on a conditional likelihood, which can be carried out either parametrically or nonparametrically, to estimate the abundance of non-clustered biological populations using data collected from independent observer line transect surveys. A nonparametric estimator is specifically proposed which combines the conditional likelihood and the kernel smoothing method. It has the advantage that it allows the data themselves to dictate the form of the detection function, free of any subjective choice. The bias and the variance of the nonparametric estimator are given. Its asymptotic normality is established which enables construction of confidence intervals. A simulation study shows that the proposed estimator has good empirical performance, and the confidence intervals have good coverage accuracy.

conditional likelihoodline transect surveykernel smoothing

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Song Xi Chen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Statistics and Applied ProbabilityNational University of SingaporeSingapore