AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 5–14

The Voluntary HIV-1 Counseling and Testing Efficacy Study: Design and Methods

  • M. Claudes Kamenga
  • Michael D. Sweat
  • Isabelle De Zoysa
  • Gina Dallabetta
  • Thomas J. Coates
  • Olga A. Grinstead
  • Steven E. Gregorich
  • David C. Heilbron
  • William P. Wolf
  • Kyung-Hee Choi
  • Julius Schachter
  • Donald Balmer
  • Francis Kihuho
  • Stephen Moses
  • Frank Plummer
  • M. Gloria Sangiwa
  • Margaret Hogan
  • Japhet Kilewo
  • Davis Mwakigile
  • Colin Furlonge
  • Kevin R. O'Reilly
  • Samuel Kalibala
  • Ben Nkowane
  • Eric van Praag
Article

DOI: 10.1023/A:1009528505965

Cite this article as:
Kamenga, M.C., Sweat, M.D., De Zoysa, I. et al. AIDS Behav (2000) 4: 5. doi:10.1023/A:1009528505965

Abstract

While HIV counseling and testing has been promoted as potentially effective for prevention, few controlled studies have been conducted. The Voluntary HIV Counseling and Testing Efficacy Study was a randomized clinical trial of the effectiveness of HIV counseling and testing in reducing sexual risk behavior in three developing countries: Tanzania, Kenya, and Trinidad. The trial will provide crucial information regarding the effectiveness, cost, and consequences of HIV counseling and testing for prevention. This paper describes the design and methods of the Voluntary HIV Counseling and Testing Efficacy Study. Following a discussion of the study objectives, the design and methods of the study are presented. Recruitment, consent, randomization, intervention, assessment, follow-up, training, and quality assurance procedures are described. Issues raised in the design and anticipated in the interpretation of the study outcomes are discussed, as well as potential policy and service delivery implications of the study findings.

HIV preventioncounselingHIV testingresearch design

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Claudes Kamenga
    • 1
  • Michael D. Sweat
    • 1
  • Isabelle De Zoysa
    • 1
  • Gina Dallabetta
    • 1
  • Thomas J. Coates
    • 2
  • Olga A. Grinstead
    • 2
  • Steven E. Gregorich
    • 2
  • David C. Heilbron
    • 2
  • William P. Wolf
    • 2
  • Kyung-Hee Choi
    • 2
  • Julius Schachter
    • 2
  • Donald Balmer
    • 3
  • Francis Kihuho
    • 3
  • Stephen Moses
    • 3
  • Frank Plummer
    • 3
  • M. Gloria Sangiwa
    • 4
  • Margaret Hogan
    • 4
  • Japhet Kilewo
    • 4
  • Davis Mwakigile
    • 4
  • Colin Furlonge
    • 5
  • Kevin R. O'Reilly
    • 6
  • Samuel Kalibala
    • 6
  • Ben Nkowane
    • 6
  • Eric van Praag
    • 6
  1. 1.AIDSCAPFamily Health InternationalArlington
  2. 2.Center for AIDS Prevention Studies and Department of Laboratory MedicineUniversity of CaliforniaSan Francisco
  3. 3.The Kenya Association of Professional Counselors and Kenyetta HospitalNairobiKenya
  4. 4.Muhimbili Medical CollegeDar-Es-SalaamTanzania
  5. 5.Queens Park Counseling CentrePort-of SpainTrinidad
  6. 6.World Health Organization Global Programme on AIDS and UNAIDSGenevaSwitzerland