AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 5–14

The Voluntary HIV-1 Counseling and Testing Efficacy Study: Design and Methods

Authors

  • M. Claudes Kamenga
    • AIDSCAPFamily Health International
  • Michael D. Sweat
    • AIDSCAPFamily Health International
  • Isabelle De Zoysa
    • AIDSCAPFamily Health International
  • Gina Dallabetta
    • AIDSCAPFamily Health International
  • Thomas J. Coates
    • Center for AIDS Prevention Studies and Department of Laboratory MedicineUniversity of California
  • Olga A. Grinstead
    • Center for AIDS Prevention Studies and Department of Laboratory MedicineUniversity of California
  • Steven E. Gregorich
    • Center for AIDS Prevention Studies and Department of Laboratory MedicineUniversity of California
  • David C. Heilbron
    • Center for AIDS Prevention Studies and Department of Laboratory MedicineUniversity of California
  • William P. Wolf
    • Center for AIDS Prevention Studies and Department of Laboratory MedicineUniversity of California
  • Kyung-Hee Choi
    • Center for AIDS Prevention Studies and Department of Laboratory MedicineUniversity of California
  • Julius Schachter
    • Center for AIDS Prevention Studies and Department of Laboratory MedicineUniversity of California
  • Donald Balmer
    • The Kenya Association of Professional Counselors and Kenyetta Hospital
  • Francis Kihuho
    • The Kenya Association of Professional Counselors and Kenyetta Hospital
  • Stephen Moses
    • The Kenya Association of Professional Counselors and Kenyetta Hospital
  • Frank Plummer
    • The Kenya Association of Professional Counselors and Kenyetta Hospital
  • M. Gloria Sangiwa
    • Muhimbili Medical College
  • Margaret Hogan
    • Muhimbili Medical College
  • Japhet Kilewo
    • Muhimbili Medical College
  • Davis Mwakigile
    • Muhimbili Medical College
  • Colin Furlonge
    • Queens Park Counseling Centre
  • Kevin R. O'Reilly
    • World Health Organization Global Programme on AIDS and UNAIDS
  • Samuel Kalibala
    • World Health Organization Global Programme on AIDS and UNAIDS
  • Ben Nkowane
    • World Health Organization Global Programme on AIDS and UNAIDS
  • Eric van Praag
    • World Health Organization Global Programme on AIDS and UNAIDS
Article

DOI: 10.1023/A:1009528505965

Cite this article as:
Kamenga, M.C., Sweat, M.D., De Zoysa, I. et al. AIDS Behav (2000) 4: 5. doi:10.1023/A:1009528505965

Abstract

While HIV counseling and testing has been promoted as potentially effective for prevention, few controlled studies have been conducted. The Voluntary HIV Counseling and Testing Efficacy Study was a randomized clinical trial of the effectiveness of HIV counseling and testing in reducing sexual risk behavior in three developing countries: Tanzania, Kenya, and Trinidad. The trial will provide crucial information regarding the effectiveness, cost, and consequences of HIV counseling and testing for prevention. This paper describes the design and methods of the Voluntary HIV Counseling and Testing Efficacy Study. Following a discussion of the study objectives, the design and methods of the study are presented. Recruitment, consent, randomization, intervention, assessment, follow-up, training, and quality assurance procedures are described. Issues raised in the design and anticipated in the interpretation of the study outcomes are discussed, as well as potential policy and service delivery implications of the study findings.

HIV preventioncounselingHIV testingresearch design

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2000