Article

Catalysis Letters

, Volume 73, Issue 1, pp 15-19

Steam reforming of n-butane on Pd/ceria

  • X. WangAffiliated withDepartment of Chemical Engineering, University of Pennsylvania
  • , R.J. GorteAffiliated withDepartment of Chemical Engineering, University of Pennsylvania

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Abstract

We have examined the steam reforming of n-butane on ceria, 1 wt% Pd/ceria, 1 wt% Pd/alumina, and 15 wt% Ni/silica between 573 and 873 K, with H2O : C ratios between 1.0 and 2.0. No stable rates could be observed on Ni/silica due to rapid coking under these conditions. While rates were stable on the other catalysts, Pd/ceria showed a much higher activity than either Pd/alumina or ceria individually. Of additional interest, CO2 : CO ratios were much higher on Pd/ceria and approached equilibrium. The reaction order for n-butane on Pd/ceria was 0.15. For H2O, reaction order changed from 0.6 to zero at the stoichiometric, n-butane : H2O ratio. It is suggested that the high activity of Pd/ceria for this reaction is due to a dual-function mechanism, in which ceria can be oxidized by H2O and then supply oxygen to the Pd.

n-butane steam-reforming ceria Pd/ceria Pd/alumina Ni/silica fuel cells