A case–control study on family history of liver cancer as a risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma in North Italy Article DOI:
Cite this article as: Donato, F., Gelatti, U., Chiesa, R. et al. Cancer Causes Control (1999) 10: 417. doi:10.1023/A:1008989103809 Abstract
Objectives: We carried out a case–control study to investigate the role of history of liver cancer in a first-degree relative as a risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
Methods: Two hundred eighty-seven HCC incident cases and 450 subjects unaffected by liver disease (controls) were enrolled in the study. Family history of liver cancer and other malignancies and history of alcohol intake were collected by face-to-face interview. Blood samples were analyzed for HBsAg, anti-HCV and HCV RNA positivity.
Results: Family history of liver cancer was associated with HCC (odds ratio [OR] = 2.4; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.2–4.7), whereas family history of other malignancies was not (OR = 1.0; 95% CI = 0.6–1.5). An increased OR for family history of liver cancer was found among subjects negative for the other risk factors (OR = 2.0; 95% CI = 0.6–6.9). A synergism of family history of liver cancer was also evident with hepatitis B and hepatitis C virus infection and with heavy alcohol intake.
Conclusions: This study suggests a role of family history independent from and interacting with known risk factors for hepatocellular carcinoma.
alcohol drinking family history hepatitis B virus hepatitis C virus hepatocellular carcinoma References
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