Cancer Causes & Control

, Volume 10, Issue 5, pp 417–421

A case–control study on family history of liver cancer as a risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma in North Italy

  • Francesco Donato
  • Umberto Gelatti
  • Roberta Chiesa
  • Alberto Albertini
  • Elena Bucella
  • Paolo Boffetta
  • Alessandro Tagger
  • Maria Lisa Ribero
  • Giuseppe Portera
  • Michele Fasola
  • Giuseppe Nardi
Article

DOI: 10.1023/A:1008989103809

Cite this article as:
Donato, F., Gelatti, U., Chiesa, R. et al. Cancer Causes Control (1999) 10: 417. doi:10.1023/A:1008989103809

Abstract

Objectives: We carried out a case–control study to investigate the role of history of liver cancer in a first-degree relative as a risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

Methods: Two hundred eighty-seven HCC incident cases and 450 subjects unaffected by liver disease (controls) were enrolled in the study. Family history of liver cancer and other malignancies and history of alcohol intake were collected by face-to-face interview. Blood samples were analyzed for HBsAg, anti-HCV and HCV RNA positivity.

Results: Family history of liver cancer was associated with HCC (odds ratio [OR] = 2.4; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.2–4.7), whereas family history of other malignancies was not (OR = 1.0; 95% CI = 0.6–1.5). An increased OR for family history of liver cancer was found among subjects negative for the other risk factors (OR = 2.0; 95% CI = 0.6–6.9). A synergism of family history of liver cancer was also evident with hepatitis B and hepatitis C virus infection and with heavy alcohol intake.

Conclusions: This study suggests a role of family history independent from and interacting with known risk factors for hepatocellular carcinoma.

alcohol drinkingfamily historyhepatitis B virushepatitis C virushepatocellular carcinoma

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francesco Donato
    • 1
  • Umberto Gelatti
    • 1
  • Roberta Chiesa
    • 1
  • Alberto Albertini
    • 1
  • Elena Bucella
    • 1
  • Paolo Boffetta
    • 2
  • Alessandro Tagger
    • 3
  • Maria Lisa Ribero
    • 4
  • Giuseppe Portera
    • 3
  • Michele Fasola
    • 3
  • Giuseppe Nardi
    • 1
  1. 1.Cattedra di IgieneUniversità di BresciaBresciaItaly
  2. 2.International Agency for Research on CancerLyonFrance
  3. 3.Istituto di VirologiaUniversità di MilanoMilanItaly
  4. 4.Istituto di IgieneUniversità di MilanoMilanItaly