Ecotoxicology

, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 179–186

Feeding Ecology and the Concentration of Organochlorines in Glaucous Gulls

  • J. O. Bustnes
  • K. E. Erikstad
  • V. Bakken
  • F. Mehlum
  • J. U. Skaare
Article

DOI: 10.1023/A:1008938603257

Cite this article as:
Bustnes, J.O., Erikstad, K.E., Bakken, V. et al. Ecotoxicology (2000) 9: 179. doi:10.1023/A:1008938603257

Abstract

We investigated the blood concentrations of organochlorines (OCs) and the diet of glaucous gulls Larus hyperboreus breeding in two neighbouring areas at Bear Island in the Barents Sea, north-eastern Atlantic. One area was situated on the edge of the large seabird cliff, about 100–150 m above sea level. The second area was about 1–2 km from the seabird cliff, and 10–50 m above sea level. In both 1997 and 1998 there were significant differences between the breeding areas for five OCs (HCB, HCH, Oxychlordan, DDE and PCB) measured, with the birds breeding on the cliff having higher levels. These differences were accompanied by a difference in diet between the areas. Birds in the former area had at least four times higher intake of guillemot Uria spp. eggs, while the birds near sea level seemed to have a much higher intake of fish. This study demonstrates the importance of feeding ecology for the distribution of OCs within populations. The results have important implications for the establishment of monitoring programs for OC contamination of the glaucous gull in the Arctic.

Arctic organochlorines Larido gulls feeding ecology 

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. O. Bustnes
    • 1
  • K. E. Erikstad
    • 2
  • V. Bakken
    • 3
  • F. Mehlum
    • 3
  • J. U. Skaare
    • 4
  1. 1.Division of Arctic Ecology, The Polar Environmental CentreNorwegian Institute for Nature ResearchTroms⊘Norway
  2. 2.Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, Division of Arctic EcologyThe Polar Environmental CentreTroms⊘Norway
  3. 3.Norwegian Polar Institutec/o University of OsloOsloNorway
  4. 4.Department of Toxicology and ChemistryNational Veterinary InstituteOsloNorway

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