Physical properties and self-setting mechanism of calcium phosphate cements from calcium bis-dihydrogenophosphate monohydrate and calcium oxide
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- BOUDEVILLE, P., SERRAJ, S., LELOUP, JM. et al. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine (1999) 10: 99. doi:10.1023/A:1008921104080
An apatitic calcium phosphate cement was developed from calcium bis-dihydro-genophosphate monohydrate (or monocalcium phosphate monohydrate, MCPM) and calcium oxide (CaO). The powder had a Ca/P molar ratio of 1.67, and the liquid was either pure water or 0.25 M–1 M sodium phosphate buffer, pH 7.4. The influence of the powder-to-liquid (P/L) ratio on the setting time and the mechanical strength were studied. The best results were obtained for the 1 M phosphate buffer with a P/L ratio of 1.53; the setting time was 7 min and the compressive strength was 25 MPa after 24 h and 33 MPa after 11 d. The mechanism and kinetics of the setting reaction were investigated by X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry, 31P magic angle spinning–nuclear magnetic resonance and infrared spectrometry. The setting reaction was found to be biphasic: in the first step, during the mixing time, MCPM reacted with CaO immediately to give calcium hydrogenophosphate dihydrate (or dicalcium phosphate dihydrate, DCPD) which, in the second step, reacted more slowly with the remaining CaO to give hydroxyapatite. The conversion of the starting materials to hydroxyapatite was complete within 24 h when the liquid was water, but was slower and incomplete with the phosphate buffers. Of the starting materials, 30% remained after 3 d. © 1999 Kluwer Academic Publishers.
© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999