Norm values for the Generic Children's Quality of Life Measure (GCQ) from a large school-based sample
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
This study aimed to assess the quality of life of a population sample of schoolchildren. The Generic Children's Quality of Life Measure (GCQ) has been developed to allow comparison between chronically ill children and the general child population. The measure assesses how the child views his or her life and also how they would like it to be. Quality of life is measured as the discrepancy between the two viewpoints. This large community-based survey aimed to establish GCQ norm values for children aged 6–14 years. The children were from a sample of schools stratified by geographical location and social need: rural affluent, rural low affluence, urban affluent and urban low affluence. 720 completed questionnaires were analysed. The scores were normally distributed with a wide range. The GCQ showed an acceptable reliability with a Cronbach's α of 0.75. The quality of life score was not correlated with age (r = −0.02, p = 0.64) nor with the deprivation score of the area in which the children lived (r = −0.026, p = 0.49). There were no significant differences between the scores by gender (p = 0.22) nor by rural/urban location (p = 0.60). Normative values were established. The GCQ is suitable for using with children over a large age range (6–14 years) without the scores being confounded by the age, gender, affluence or geographical location.
- Parkin PC, Kirpalani HM, Rosenbaum PL, et al. Development of a health-related quality of life instrument for use in children with spina bifida. Quality of Life Research 1997; 6: 123–132. CrossRef
- Christie MJ, French D, Sowden A, West A. Development of child-centred disease-specific questionnaires for living with asthma. Psychosom Med 1993; 55: 541–548.
- Ingersoll G, Marrero DG. A modified quality-of-life measure for youths: Psychometric properties. Diabetes Educator 1992; 17(2): 114–118.
- Bradlyn AS, Harris CV, Warner JE, Ritchey AK, Zaboy K. An investigation of the validity of the quality of well-being scale with pediatric oncology patients. Health Psychol 1993; 12(3): 246–250. CrossRef
- Apajasalo M, Rautonen J, Holmberg C, et al. Quality of life in pre-adolescence: A 17-dimensional health-related measure (17D). Quality of Life Research 1996; 5: 532–538. CrossRef
- Saigal S, Feeny D, Furlong W, Rosenbaum P, Burrows E, Torrance G. Comparison of the health-related quality of life of extremely low birth weight children and a reference group of children at age eight years. J Pediatr 1994; 125(3): 418–425. CrossRef
- Graham P, Stevenson J, Flynn D. A new measure of health-related quality of life for children: Preliminary findings. Psychol & Health 1997; 12(5): 655–665.
- Bullinger M, Mackensen S, Landgraf J. Assessing the quality of life in children. J Quality of Life Research 1994; 43(3): 41.
- Collier J, MacKinlay DRE. Development of a generic child quality of life measure. Health Update 1997; 28: 12–16.
- Hinds PS. Quality of life in children and adolescents with cancer. Seminars in Oncol Nurs 1990; 6(4): 285–291. CrossRef
- Ferrans CE, Powers MJ. Quality of life index: Development and psychometric properties. Advan Nurs Sci 1985; 8(1): 15–24.
- Kellerman J, Zeltzer L, Ellenberg L, Dash J, Rigler D. Psychological effects of illness in adolescence. I. Anxiety, self-esteem, and perception of control. J Pediatr 1980; 97(1): 126–131. CrossRef
- Richards JM, Hemstreet MP. Measures of life quality, rôle performance, and functional status in asthma research. Am J Respir Crit Care 1994; 149: S31–S39.
- Abu-Saad H. Assessing children's responses to pain. Pain 1984; 19: 163–171. CrossRef
- Jarman B. Identification of under-privileged areas. BMJ 1983; 286: 705–709. CrossRef
- Eiser C, Havermans T, Eiser JR. What do children mean by ``Quality of life''? Health Psychol Update 1994; 16: 10–13.
- Norm values for the Generic Children's Quality of Life Measure (GCQ) from a large school-based sample
Quality of Life Research
Volume 9, Issue 6 , pp 617-623
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- Population sample
- Quality of life
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Division of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Nottingham, UK
- 2. Children's Services, Nottingham City Hospital NHS Trust & Nottingham Community NHS Trust, UK
- 3. Division of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Nottingham, UK