Pisani P, Parkin DM, Bray F, Ferlay J (1999) Estimates of the worldwide mortality from 25 cancers in 1990. Int J Cancer
Trapesnikov NN, Aksel EM (1999) Incidence and mortality from malignant neoplasms in countries of CIS (1997). Moscow: Russian Cancer Research Center.
World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (1997) Food, Nutrition and the Prevention of Cancer: A Global Perspective. Washington, DC, pp. 148–175.
International Agency for Research on Cancer (1994) Schistosomes, Liver Flukes and Helicobacter pylori. Lyon: IARC Monogr. Eval. Carcinog. Risk Chem Humans, vol. 61: 177–241.
Kabat GC, Ng SKC, Wynder EL (1993) Tobacco, alcohol intake, and diet in relation to adenocarcinoma of the esophagus and gastric cardia. Cancer Causes Control
Brown LM, Silverman DT, Pottern LM, Schoenberg JB, Greenberg RS, Swanson GM (1994) Adenocarcinoma of the esophagus and esophago-gastric junction in white men: alcohol, tobacco and socio-economic factors. Cancer Causes Control
Vaughan TL, Davis S, Kristal A, Thomas DB (1995) Obesity, alcohol, and tobacco as risk factors for cancers of the esophagus and gastric cardia: adenocarcinoma versus squamous cell carcinoma. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev
International Agency for Research on Cancer (1986) Tobacco Smoking. Lyon: IARC Monogr. Eval. Carcinog. Risk Chem. Humans, vol. 38.
Tredaniel J, Boffietta P, Buiatti E, Saracci R, Hirsch A (1997) Tobacco smoking and gastric cancer: review and meta-analysis. Int J Cancer
Breslow NE, Day NE (1980) Statistical Methods in Cancer Research. The Analysis of Case-control Studies. Lyon: IARC, vol. 32.
De Stefani E, Boffietta P, Carzoglio J, Mendilaharsu S (1998) Tobacco smoking and alcohol drinking as risk factors for stomach cancer: a case-control study in Uruguay. Cancer Causes Control
Jedrychowski W, Boeing H, Wahrendorf J, Popiela T, Tobiasz-Adamczyk B, Kulig J (1993) Vodka consumption, tobacco smoking and risk of gastric cancer in Poland. Int J Epidemiol
D'Avanzo B, La Vecchia C, Franceschi S (1994) Alcohol consumption and the risk of gastric cancer. Nutr Cancer
Wu-Williams AH, Yu MC, Mack TM (1990) Life-style, work-place and stomach cancer by subsite in young men of Los-Angeles County. Cancer Res
Boeing H, Frentzel-Beyme R, Berger M, et al. (1991) Case-control study on stomach cancer in Germany. Int J Cancer
Schmidt W, Popham RE (1981) The role of drinking and smoking in mortality from cancer and other causes in male alcoholics. Cancer
Gordon T, Kannel WB (1984) Drinking and mortality: the Framingham study. Am J Epidemiol
Hoey J, Montvernay C, Lambert R (1981) Wine and tobacco: risk factors for gastric cancer in France. Am J Epidemiol
De Stefani E, Correa P, Fierro L, Carzoglio J, Deneo-Pellegrini H, Zavala D (1990) Alcohol drinking and tobacco smoking in gastric cancer. A case-control study. Rev Epidemiol Sante Publ
Falcao JM, Dias JA, Miranda AC, Leitao CN, Lacerda MM, Cayolla da Motta L (1994) Red wine consumption and gastric cancer in Portugal: a case-control study. Eur J Cancer Prev
Gammon MD, Schoenberg JB, Ahsan H, et al. (1997) Tobacco, alcohol, and socioeconomic status and adenocarcinomas of the esophagus and gastric cardia. J Natl Cancer Inst
Ji BT, Chow WH, Yang G, et al. (1996) The influence of cigarette smoking, alcohol, and green tea consumption on the risk of carcinoma of the cardia and distal stomach in Shanghai, China. Cancer
Hansson LE, Baron J, Nyren O, Bergstrom R, Wolk A, Adami HO (1994) Tobacco, alcohol and the risk of gastric cancer. A population-based case-control study in Sweden. Int J Cancer
Guo W, Blot WJ, Li JY, et al. (1994) A nested case-control study of oesophageal and stomach cancers in the Linxian nutrition intervention trial. Int J Epidemiol
Galanis DJ, Kolonel LN, Lee J, Nomura A (1998) Intakes of selected foods and beverages and the incidence of gastric cancer among the Japanese residents of Hawaii: a prospective study. Int J Epidemiol
Murata M, Takayama K, Choi BC, Pak AW (1996) A nested case-control study on alcohol drinking, tobacco smoking, and cancer. Cancer Detect Prev
Nomura A, Grove JS, Stemmermann GN, Severson RK (1990) A prospective study of stomach cancer and its relation to diet, cigarettes, and alcohol consumption. Cancer Res
Kneller RW, McLaughlin JK, Bjelke E, et al. (1991) A cohort study of stomach cancer in a high-risk American population. Cancer
Doll R, Peto R, Wheatly K, Gray R, Sutherland I (1994) Mortality in relation to smoking: 40 years' observations on male British doctors. Br Med J
McLaughlin JK, Hrubec Z, Blot WJ, Fraumeni JF Jr (1995) Smoking and cancer mortality among US veterans: a 26–year follow up. Int J Cancer
Inoue M, Tajima K, Kuroishi T, Gao CM, Kitoh T (1994) Life-style and subsite of gastric cancer-joint effect of smoking and drinking habits. Int J Cancer
Hoffman D, Wynder EL (1986) Chemical constituents and bioactivity of tobacco smoke. In: Zaridze D, Peto R, eds. Tobacco. A Major International Health Hazard. Lyon: IARC Scientific Publications, vol. 74, 145–166.
International Agency for Research on Cancer (1988) Alcohol Drinking. Lyon: IARC Monogr. Eval. Carcinog. Risk Chem. Humans, vol. 44.