, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 93-95

German influences on Japanese Pre-war Constitution and Civil Code

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Abstract

German influences were seen in every field of Japanese culture after the Meiji Restoration. as for the pre-war constitution, Dr. Hermann Roesler is considered the most important foreign advisor to the Japanese government because the constitution was established according to his plan. Roesler recommended that Japanese politicians strengthen the right of the Emperor and establish the constitution by the will of the Emperor, not by the will of the people.

In the enactment of Japan's civil code was to be enacted in 1894 but this code was considered too democratic for the actual Japanese situation. conservative Japanese politicians then tried to established the civil code according to the German model and succeeded partly in doing so.