, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 13-44

The 1985 to 1994 Global Real Estate Cycle: An Overview

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Abstract

The globalization of financial markets is affecting real estate markets. During the period 1985 to 1994, a large number of countries experienced strong real estate booms that peaked around 1989 followed by severe asset price deflation and an output contraction that usually lasted until 1994. Global finance appears irreversible. Should we also expect the recurrence of real estate cycles of strong amplitude? Or does this first global cycle represent a one-time adjustment to global integration happening in many countries simultaneously? To facilitate further comparative analyses, this article inventories the international and domestic factors, in their macroeconomic and intrinsic real estate cycle dimensions, that contributed to this strong global cycle. This overview has three threads: What triggered this first global cycle? What has been its impact? Are there lessons for countries that are not yet fully integrated into global capital markets such as semireformed socialist economies, newly industrialized economies, and other developing countries?