, Volume 104, Issue 2, pp 195-205

Differences in temperature requirements between Polymyxa sp. of Indian origin and Polymyxa graminis and Polymyxa betae from temperate areas

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Abstract

The temperature requirements of three single cystosorus strains of Polymyxa sp. from India were studied at 15–18, 19–22, 23–26 and 27–30 °C (night-day temperature), and compared with the temperature requirements of three strains of P. graminis from Belgium, Canada and France and two strains of P. betae from Belgium and Turkey. Sorghum was used as the host-plant for the Indian strains; the strains of P. graminis and P. betae from temperate areas were cultivated on barley and sugar beet, respectively. The cystosori germination and the development of plasmodia, zoosporangia and cystosori of Polymyxa sp. from India were optimal at 27–30 °C. Infection progression was slower at 23–26 °C than at 27–30 °C. At 19–22 °C, infection was insignificant. No infection occurred below 19 °C. In contrast, the infection of barley with P. graminis strains from temperate areas was optimal at 15–18 °C, but at 19–22 °C the progression appeared inconsistent and infection stayed low. Above 22 °C, infection was insignificant. P. betae strains showed consistent infection in the range of 15–18 °C to 27–30 °C. Plasmodia formation and cystosori detection of the Belgian strain were slightly advanced at 23–26 °C compared to 19–22 °C but clearly restrained at 27–30 °C. Fungus development of the P. betae strain from Turkey was almost as high at 27–30 °C as at the lower temperatures. These results strengthen the case for distinguishing between Polymyxa sp. from India and P. graminis or P. betae from temperate areas.