Event, State, And Process In Arrow Logic
- Satoshi Tojo
- … show all 1 hide
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
Artificial agents, which are embedded in a virtual world, need to interpret a sequence of commands given to them adequately, considering the temporal structure for each command. In this paper, we start with the semantics of natural language and classify the temporal structures of various eventualities into such aspectual classes as action, process, and event. In order to formalize these temporal structures, we adopt Arrow Logic. This logic specifies the domain for the valuation of a sentence as an arrow. We can connect, or give order to, arrows by defining inter-arrow operations, and can give different views for sentences. Thereafter we formalize the rules of aspectual shifts in situated inference, in the style of a logic programming language. Thus, we not only describe the static representation of temporal features, but also show the dynamic process to deduce how each eventuality is viewed. The rules are applied to the information flow through the sequence of commands; therefore, we consider how the temporal structure of a command affects the succeeding commands.
- Allen, J. F. 1984, Towards a general theory of action and time. Artificial Intelligence, 23: 123–154.
- Barwise, J. 1991, The Situation in Logic. CSLI Lecture Notes 17.
- Binnick, R. I. 1991, Time and the Verb. Oxford University Press, 1991.
- Blackburn, P. Gardent, C. and de Rijke, M. 1996, On rich ontologies on tense and aspect. In J. Seligman and D. Westerstahl, ed., Logic, Language, and Computation, vol. 1. CSLI, Stanford University
- Comrie, B. 1976, Aspect. Cambridge University Press.
- Cooper, R. 1985, Aspectual classes in situation semantics. Technical Report CSLI–84–14C, Center for the Study of Language and Information.
- Cooper, R. Tense and discourse location in situation semantics. Linguistics and Philosophy, 9(1): 17–36, February 1986.
- Devlin, K. 1991, Logic and Information. Cambridge University Press.
- Dowty, D. 1979, Word Meaning and Montague Grammar. D. Reidel.
- Glasbey, S. 1996, Towards a channel-theoretic account of the progressive. In J. Seligman and D. Westerstahl, (eds), Logic, Language, and Computation, vol. 1. CSLI, Stanford University.
- Gunji, T. 1992, A Proto-Lexical Analysis of Temporal Properties of Japanese Verbs. In B. S. Park, (ed.), Linguistics Studies on Natural Language, pages 197–217. Hanshin Publishing, December.
- Kamp, H. 1979, Events, Instants, and Temporal References, pages 376–417. SpringerVerlag. in Semantics from Different Points of View.
- Kamp, H. and Reyle, U. 1993, From Discourse to Logic. Kluwer Academic Publisher's.
- Landman, F. 1991, Structures for Semantics. Kluwer Academic Press.
- McDermott, D.V. 1982), A temporal logic for reasoning about processes and plans. Cognitive Science, 6: 101–155.
- Moens, M. and Steedman, M. 1988, Temporal ontology and temporal reference. Computational Linguistics, 14(2): 15–28.
- Parsons, T. 1990, Events in the Semantics of English. MIT press.
- Partee, B. H. 1984, Nominal and temporal anaphora. Linguistics and Philosophy, 7: 243–286. CrossRef
- Reichenbach, H. 1947, Elements of Symbolic Logic. University of California Press, Berkeley.
- Shoham, Y. 1988, Reasoning about Change. The MIT Press.
- ter Meulen, A. G. B. 1995, Representing Time in Natural Language. The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.
- Terenziani, P. 1993, Integrating linguistic and pragmatic temporal information innatural language understanding: the case of when sentences. In Proc. of 13th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, vol. 2, pages 1304–1309.
- Tojo, S. and Nitta, K. 1997, Similarity of legal cases: From temporal relations of affairs. Artificial Intelligence and Law, 5: 161–176.
- Tojo, S. and Wong, S. 1996, A legal reasoning system based on situation theory. In J. Seligman and D. Westerstahl, editors, Logic, Language, and Computation, vol. 1. CSLI, Stanford University.
- van Benthem, J. 1994, A Note on Dynamic Arrow Logic, pages 15–29. The MIT Press.
- Vendler, Z. 1967, Verbs and times. Philosophical Review, 66: 143–60.
- Yokota, K., Tsuda, H., Morita, Y., Tojo, S. and Yasukawa, H. 1993, Specific features of a deductive object-oriented database language Quixote. In Proc. of the work-shop on combining declarative and object-oriented databases, ACM SIGMOD, Washington, D.C.
- Event, State, And Process In Arrow Logic
Minds and Machines
Volume 9, Issue 1 , pp 81-103
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- Arrow Logic
- Situated Inference
- Industry Sectors
- Satoshi Tojo (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Tatsunokuchi, Ishikawa, 923-12, Japan e-mail