Journal of Logic, Language and Information

, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 397–418

Animals, Zombanimals, and the Total Turing Test

Authors

  • Selmer Bringsjord
    • Department of Philosophy, Psychology, and Cognitive ScienceRensselaer Polytechnic Institute
  • Clarke Caporale
    • Department of Philosophy, Psychology, and Cognitive ScienceRensselaer Polytechnic Institute
  • Ron Noel
    • Department of Philosophy, Psychology, and Cognitive ScienceRensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Article

DOI: 10.1023/A:1008311207953

Cite this article as:
Bringsjord, S., Caporale, C. & Noel, R. Journal of Logic, Language and Information (2000) 9: 397. doi:10.1023/A:1008311207953

Abstract

Alan Turing devised his famous test (TT) through a slight modificationof the parlor game in which a judge tries to ascertain the gender of twopeople who are only linguistically accessible. Stevan Harnad hasintroduced the Total TT, in which the judge can look at thecontestants in an attempt to determine which is a robot and which aperson. But what if we confront the judge with an animal, and arobot striving to pass for one, and then challenge him to peg which iswhich? Now we can index TTT to a particular animal and its syntheticcorrelate. We might therefore have TTTrat, TTTcat,TTTdog, and so on. These tests, as we explain herein, are abetter barometer of artificial intelligence (AI) than Turing's originalTT, because AI seems to have ammunition sufficient only to reach thelevel of artificial animal, not artificial person.

artificial intelligence consciousness persons robots zombies

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000