, Volume 8, Issue 6, pp 419-428

Purification and characterization of a lyase from the EDTA-degrading bacterial strain DSM 9103 that catalyzes the splitting of [S,S]-ethylenediaminedisuccinate, a structural isomer of EDTA

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The bacterial strain DSM 9103, able to utilize EDTA as a sole source of carbon, nitrogen, and energy, is also capable to grow with [S,S]-ethylenediaminedisuccinate ([S,S]-EDDS), a structural isomer of EDTA. In cell-free extracts of[S,S]-EDDS-grown bacteria, [S,S]-EDDS degradation was observed in the absence of any cofactors. An enzyme was purified41-fold that catalyzed the non-hydrolytic splitting of[S,S]-EDDS leading to the formation of fumarate and N-(2-aminoethyl) aspartic acid. These data strongly suggest that the enzyme belongs to the group of carbon-nitrogen lyases. The splitting reaction was reversible, and an equilibrium constant of approximately 43.0 10-1 M was determined. Out of the three stereo-isomers of EDDS, [S,S]-and [R,S]-EDDS were accepted as substrates by the lyase,whereas [R,R]-EDDS remained unchanged in assays with both cell-free extracts and pure enzyme. The enzyme catalyzed the transformation of free [S,S]-EDDS and of [S,S]-EDDS-metal complexes with stability constant lower than 10, namely of MgEDDS, CaEDDS, BaEDDS and to a small extent also of MnEDDS;FeIIIEDDS, NiEDDS, CuEDDS, CoEDDS and ZnEDDS were not transformed.

This revised version was published online in August 2006 with corrections to the Cover Date.