A Global Outlook for Water Resources to the Year 2025
- Surendra N. Kulshreshtha
- … show all 1 hide
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
With growing concerns for sustainable development world over, planners of natural resources are focussing their attention on vulnerability arising from availability and use of water resources. Past studies of water resource vulnerability have either been too aggregate, or have focussed on one single dimension of these issues. This study presents a comprehensive analysis of global (using national scope) water resource-based vulnerability (WRV) using a joint criteria of water availability and its relative use. Vulnerability status for each country was assessed for the present (1990) situation, as well as for the year 2025. Four factors were taken into account to determine the nature of the WRV for a country: population growth, food self-sufficiency, industrial development, and climate change. World population growth, which is projected to increase to 8.45 billion people by the year 2025, by itself would trigger 40% of the population residing in countries facing some degree of WRV. Combined with food self-sufficiency, industrial growth, and climate change, by the year 2025, some 5.1 billion (60% of the total world population) would live in regions potentially experiencing moderate to extreme WRV. The study suggests that the regions that are at great risk are those already facing some degree of WRV; the climate change would most likely accentuate the already worsening situation in many regions, while improve it in regions that are not projected to be vulnerable.
- Brouwer, F. and Falkenmark, M.: 1989, Climate-Induced Water Availability Changes in Europe, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 13, 75.
- El Serafy, S. and Lutz, E.: 1989, Environmental and Resource accounting: An Overview, in Y. Ahmad, S. El Serafy and E. Lutz (eds), Environmental Accounting for Sustainable Development, Washington, D. C., The World Bank, pp. 1-7.
- Falkenmark, M.: 1989, Water Scarcity and Food Production in Africa, in: D. Peimentel and C. W. Hall (eds), Food and Natural Resources, New York, Academic Press Inc.
- Gleick, P. (ed.): 1993, Water in Crisis: A Guide to the World’s Fresh Water Resources,New York, Oxford University Press.
- Golubev, G.: 1993, Sustainable Water Development: Implications for the Future, Water Resources Development 9(2), 127.
- L’vovich, M. I.: 1979, World Water Resources and their Future, (English translation by R. L. Nace). Washington, D. C., American Geophysical Union.
- Miller, J. R. and Russell, G. L.: 1992, The Impact of Global Warming on River Runoff, Journal of Geoph. Research 97, 2257.
- Population Action International: 1993, Sustaining Water: Population and the Future of Renewable Water Supplies, Population and Environmental Program, Washington, D.C.
- Postel, S.: 1992, The Last Oasis, The Worldwatch Environment Alert Series, New York, W. W. Norton and Co.
- Rodda, J. C.: 1995, Whither WorldWater? Water Resources Bulletin 31(1), 1.
- Shiklomanov, I.: 1990, Global Water Resources, Nature and Resources 26(3), 34.
- Shiklomanov, I. and Markova, O. L.: 1987, Water Availability and Streamflow Transfer Problems over the World (in Russian), St. Petersburg, Gidrometeoizdat.
- Strzepek, K., Niemann, J., Somlyody, L. and Kulshreshtha, S.: (undated) A Global Assessment of National Water Vulnerabilities: Sensitivities, Assumptions, and Driving Forces, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria.
- United Nations: 1991, Demand Management, International Conference on Water and the Environment, New York.
- World Resources Institute: 1990, World Resources 1990-1991, New York, Oxford University Press.
- A Global Outlook for Water Resources to the Year 2025
Water Resources Management
Volume 12, Issue 3 , pp 167-184
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- water resources
- water resource-based vulnerability
- water supply and use
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. University of Saskatchewan, 3D12 Agriculture Building, 51 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 5A8, Canada