, Volume 14, Issue 6, pp 681-690

Drug Interactions with Colesevelam Hydrochloride, a Novel, Potent Lipid-Lowering Agent

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Abstract

Colesevelam hydrochloride (colesevelam) is a novel, potent, bile acid–binding agent that has been shown to lower LDL cholesterol a mean of 19% at a dose of 3.8 g/d. We studied the pharmacokinetics of colesevelam coadministered with six drugs: digoxin and warfarin, agents with narrow therapeutic indices; sustained-release verapamil and metoprolol; quinidine, an antiarrhythmic with a narrow therapeutic index; and valproic acid, an antiseizure medication. Six individual studies were single-dose, crossover, with or without a 4.5-g dose of colesevelam. Plasma levels were determined using validated analytical methods. Values for the ratio of ln[AUC(0-t)] with and without colesevelam were 107% for quinidine, 102% for valproic acid, 89% for digoxin, 102% for warfarin, 82% for verapamil, and 112% for metoprolol. Values for the ratio of ln[Cmax] with and without colesevelam were 107% for quinidine, 92% for valproic acid, 96% for digoxin, 99% for warfarin, 69% for verapamil, and 112% for metoprolol. The 90% confidence intervals for these ratios and for values of ln[AUC(0-inf)] that could be determined were within the 80–125% range, with the exception of verapamil. In this study, verapamil had great interindividual variability, with a 28-fold range in Cmax and an 11-fold range in AUC(0-t). In summary, pharmacokinetic studies with colesevelam did not show clinically significant effects on absorption of six other coadministered drugs.